hospital-acquired pneumonia


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hospital-acquired pneumonia

pneumonia in a patient in a hospital, or hospital-like setting, such as a rehabilitation facility. Often caused by gram-negative or staphylococcal organisms.

hospital-acquired pneumonia

Nosocomial pneumonia Infectious disease Pulmonary infection acquired during a hospital stay which is often more severe than community-acquired pneumonia Risk factors Immune compromise, alcoholism, elderly, aspiration due to intubation. Cf Community-acquired pneumonia.
References in periodicals archive ?
PNEUMONIA--A US meta-study by Kane (2007) reviewed data from 94 studies conducted between 1990-2006 and found that every additional patient per RN per shift was associated with a 7% increase in relative risk of hospital-acquired pneumonia.
In addition to the unnecessary costs associated with these treatments, there are studies showing that acid-suppressant drug therapy is associated with increases in the incidence of Clostridium difficile infections (Aseeri, Schroeder, Kramer, & Zackula, 2008; Dial, Alrasadi, Manoukian, Huang, & Menzies, 2004; Howell, Novack, & Gruurich, 2010) and hospital-acquired pneumonias (Herzog, Howell, Ngo, & Marcantonio, 2009).
Multicenter study of hospital-acquired pneumonia in non-ICU patients.
In spite of prophylactic measures and the use of wide-spectrum antibiotics, hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy [1].
As best we can tell, patients who develop hospital-acquired pneumonia or ventilator-acquired pneumonia have about a 20 to 30 percent chance of dying from that pneumonia.
The research culled findings from 28 different studies that analyzed the relationship between higher RN staffing and several patient outcomes: reduced hospital-based mortality, hospital-acquired pneumonia, unplanned extubation, failure to rescue, nosocomial bloodstream infections, and length of stay.
The patient died 24 hours after the blood sample was taken and developed a hospital-acquired pneumonia while on the ward.
Telavancin, which is a lipoglycopeptide injectable antibiotic, is currently in phase 3 studies for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI) and Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) conducted in the US.
Other general topics include diagnostic techniques including radiology and function testing, special problems such as pleural infusion, pneumothorax, hemoptysis, aspiration pneumonia, and the lung in pregnancy, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, a range of pulmonary infections including tuberculosis, emphysema, viral pneumonia, infections complicated by HIV and hospital-acquired pneumonia, airways diseases, acute respiratory failure, cardiovascular and thromboembolic disease, congenital and pediatric lung diseases including cystic fibrosis, chest wall and neuromuscular disorders, environmental and occupational diseases, idiopathic, immunologic and granulomatous disease, and neoplastic diseases.
When Mimivirus was used as an antigen in a migration inhibition factor assay, sero-conversion was found in patients with both community- and hospital-acquired pneumonia.
aeruginosa is a very big problem in hospital-acquired pneumonia and may be becoming more of a problem because it is becoming even more resistant over time," he says.

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