horizontal transmission


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transmission

 [trans-mish´un]
1. a passage or transfer, as of a disease from one individual to another, or of neural impulses from one neuron to another.
2. the communication of inheritable qualities from parent to offspring.
horizontal transmission the spread of an infectious agent from one individual to another, usually through contact with bodily excretions or fluids, such as sputum or blood, that contain the agent.
vertical transmission transmission from one generation to another. The term is restricted by some to genetic transmission and extended by others to include also transmission of infection from one generation to the next, as by milk or through the placenta.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

hor·i·zon·tal trans·mis·sion

transmission of infectious agents from an infected individual to a susceptible contemporary, in contradistinction to vertical transmission.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

horizontal transmission

Epidemiology The transmission of an infection from one to another person of the same generation in the same population. Cf Hereditary transmission, Vertical transmission.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

hor·i·zon·tal trans·mis·sion

(hōr'i-zon'tăl trans-mish'ŭn)
Transmission of infectious agents from an infected individual to a susceptible contemporary, in contradistinction to vertical transmission.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

hor·i·zon·tal trans·mis·sion

(hōr'i-zon'tăl trans-mish'ŭn)
Transmission of infectious agents from an infected individual to a susceptible contemporary.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
This result is consistent with the hypothesis that horizontal transmission of parasites has selected for more efficient immune defenses in their hosts.
Male-killing, a trait that evolves in bacteria already maternally inherited in arthropods, can occur if the ancestral agent is obligately vertically transmitted or a mix of vertical and horizontal transmission is present.
These data are consistent with horizontal transmission of infection and suggest that the (or a) specific mode of transmission involves male more frequently than female animals.
Observation of the horizontal transmission of symbiotic Chlorococcum sp.
Horizontal transmission of EHP via cohabitation and feeding with EHP-infected shrimp tissue
On the other hand, when the switch is on, the end of the central short line and the midpoint of the horizontal transmission line is short-circuited to ground.
The gender wise uniform rates of infections in goats warrant the horizontal transmission of the disease in different caprine breeds because the parasitic infections have no boundaries.
Correlates of use of timed unprotected intercourse to reduce horizontal transmission among Ugandan HIV clients with fertility intentions.
Horizontal transmission of hepatitis B virus in early childhood is common in areas endemic for the virus.8
using the midstream to prevent horizontal transmission.
[3] and Dawood [4] underscore some of the challenges in treating adolescent AIDS patients and issues that need to be considered, such as drug choices, treatment adherence, disclosure of HIV status, fear of stigma and discrimination and its implications with regard to secondary sexual development, and risks associated with horizontal transmission of HIV.
Thus there is a risk of horizontal transmission amongst cataract surgery patients and eye care providers.

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