Our analysis of the effect of the aphasic and non-aphasic patients on the state-trait anxiety and hopelessness
levels of the family members/caregivers only revealed that educational status had no effect on the state anxiety and trait anxiety levels and hopelessness
level in Groups la and Ila according to Table 5.
In the study, patients who walked or hiked at least three days a week reduced their hopelessness
scores (as measured by questionnaires created by the researchers) by an average of 12 percent.
The concept of hopelessness
has been studied from different research perspectives with clinical and nonclinical adult populations (Dunn, 2005).
As this study Zubair and Faraz(2016)also verified the impact that there is positive association between low socio-economic status and hopelessness
. Thus it shows that societies where there are economic crises are liable to more mental disorders, which highlights the need of proper initiatives towards the quality of life especially in the under developed parts of the world ,to avert the casual of psychiatric illness due to low social economic status.
is what leads to radical liberative praxis.
In the 2016 study following happiness, the emotions most frequently associated with written forms of self-expression were sadness, hopelessness
, anger, and afraid.
In contrast, hopelessness
depression, which is a theory-based subtype of depression caused by hopelessness
(Abramson, Metalsky, & Alloy, 1989), has been extensively studied, and has two research directions.
He said it was "worrying" that people feel a sense of "homeowning hopelessness
", with almost two thirds (63%) of private renters on the lowest incomes in England never expecting to buy their own home.
Different authors have emphasized correlates between NSSI and suicide attempts (SA) and their relationships with different psychopathological variables, such as depressive symptoms, hopelessness
, suicide risk factors, impulsivity, emotional deregulation, or suicidal ideation, among others (Andover, Primack, Gibb, & Pepper, 2010; Guan, Fox, & Prinstein, 2012; Nock & Prinstein, 2004).
In an interview with The Fader, Williams opened up about her battle with depression, which she described as being in a state of hopelessness
Although some research literature focuses on the integration of mental health and career counseling, there has been little that examines both areas in relation to depression and hopelessness
. This study investigated the relationship among dysfunctional career thinking, depression, and hopelessness
in a sample of 139 undergraduate and graduate students seeking drop-in or individual career counseling services at a university career center.