The authors undertook a grounded theory study (Cutcliff & Zinck, 2011) that resulted in a four-stage theory of hope inspiration for PLWHA.
COUNSELING IMPLICATIONS OF THE THEORY OF HOPE INSPIRATION
As a guide for counselors and clients, the theory of hope inspiration illustrates the process of restoring hope and highlights that it is socially constructed (Cutcliffe & Zinck, 2011; Gergen, 2009).
Each arises from the emerging theory of hope inspiration and thus is grounded in the words, positions, and experiences of the study participants.
Stage two of the Cutcliffe and Zinck (2011) theory of hope inspiration, Turning from death to life, involves discovery, development, and utilization of a client's resources, internal and external.
Findings from 10 participants revealed that hope inspiration occurred in 3 phases and consisted of several categories of hope-inspiring processes.
The present study addressed this question by using a grounded theory approach to collect descriptions of hope inspiration from substance abuse counselors and clients.
As it became apparent that hope inspiration seemed to have a beginning, middle, and end, we recruited participants who had reached the termination phase in counseling.
She noted that although she had no unwavering beliefs about hope inspiration in substance abuse counseling, she had two tentative preconceptions: that the quality of the therapeutic relationship, at least in part, may influence hope inspiration; and that the facilitation of goal planning and attainment may enhance client hope.