homoplasy


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homoplasy

(hō′mə-plā′sē, -plăs′ē, hŏm′ə-)
n.
Correspondence between parts or organs arising from evolutionary convergence.
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References in periodicals archive ?
This is clear evidence of allelic homoplasy in the marker that could confound interpretation of data sets.
Convergent and parallel evolutionary changes (homoplasy) in tadpole morphology further obscure relationships among divergence time and degree of metamorphosis (Roelants et al., 2011).
Wimberger, 1993, "The Usefulness of Behavior for Phylogeny Estimation: Levels of Homoplasy in Behavioral and Morphological Characters", Evolution, vol.
In the present case, the observed variation is expressed as homoplasy in different lineages, agreeing with the low informativeness of the genitalic region, as a consequence of accelerated and divergent sexual selection pressures (Mendez & Cordoba-Aguilar, 2004; Song & Wenzel, 2008; Song & Bucheli, 2010).
Additionally, gene loci should have a limited amount of extraneous "noise" that can be created by assay-specific genotype errors (for instance, size homoplasy, null alleles, or allele dropout).
These mismatches violate the fundamental cladistic assumption that history follows a branching process, but can be explained by homoplasy (convergent evolution), the horizontal "trace" of the homology-homoplasy yin-yang of phylogenetic signal.
However, before utilizing it in such way, determining the basic properties of this marker for phylogenetic usefulness is warranted, especially by checking the level of homoplasy that may blur phylogenetic signals.
To what extent this is a facultative or obligate habit among different species of anthomyiids is an open question, but it has evidently been attained through homoplasy in various anthomyiid lineages.
(2012), the rightward lateralization of CC will be considered as symplesiomorphy or homoplasy in species of genera Acheta and Gryllus.
Wimberger (1993): The usefulness of behavior for phylogeny estimation: levels of homoplasy in behavioral and morphological characters.