holarchy


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holarchy (hō·lärˑ·kē),

n philosophy that holds that every entity is a holon—that is, an entity unto itself and simultaneously a part of an entity larger than itself.
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A work organization, when viewed as a hierarchy of embedded holons or a holarchy, therefore becomes more sustainable as its holons (such as employees) operate and develop in a unique manner, yet integrate into new viable wholes.
In addition, the complexity may also develop within each holon or holarchy in terms of the four quadrants recognized by Wilber (1996).
Each holon of the holarchy represents a specific context.
This holarchy defines the organisational and topological structure in which agents will evolve.
Every level of the holarchy has self-interest," Sahtouris pointed out, but those cells of self-interest must communicate and negotiate with others.
11) In a nested hierarchy, or holarchy, such a dramatic change at one level will generally trigger changes at the lower levels as well as constituting constraint set shifts.
The first way of considering economic hierarchy may correspond more clearly with the view of ecological hierarchy just presented, possibly even the nested holarchy type.
The fulcrums (Fs) of the developmental holarchy are summarized in Table 1, read chronologically from the bottom up.
TABLE 1 The Spectrum of Development: The Fulcrums (F) of the Developmental Holarchy Eye of Realm Knowledge Stage Age F % (a) Trans- Contemplation (Non dual) personal (transrational) Causal 9 < 2 Subtle 8 < 2 Psychic 7 < 2 (Manifest) Personal Mind Vision-logic (21 - 6 15 (rational) Formal- 14 - 5 30 reflexive Rule-role 7 - 14 4 40 Pre- Senses Represent- 3 - 7 3 20 personal (prerational) ational Phantasmic- 1.
The second level is the strategic level, defining the goal, the third level is the value and paradigm level guiding the use of strategy for alternative changes, the fourth level is the identity level, on which the holon gets its identity within a holarchy, the fifth level is the resource and skills level, describing the resources and skills available for executing the task, the sixth level describes the management of the holon--it relates, for example, to scheduling, maintenance, and co-operation with other holons--and finally the seventh level describes the operative part and context of the service.
The term of holarchy was suggested by Koestler (1978) for hierarchies that are made up of systems that consist of subsystems and participate in supersystems.
The manufacturing system is seen as holons, autonomous and co-operative building blocks of a manufacturing system, which form a holarchy (Van Brussel et al.