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; history, observation, examination mnemonic for assessment of musculoskeletal symptoms (Table 1)
Table 1: The history, observation, examination (HOE) model for assessment of patients with musculoskeletal symptoms
HistoryBiographical information
General medical history (such as duration of symptoms/disease, medications, disease activity markers)
Presenting symptoms - pain maps, patient-completed baseline health outcome measures)
ObservationNon-weight-bearingMusculoskeletal system/disease state:
  • Limb alignment

  • Joint/soft-tissue swelling

  • Dermal signs

Presenting complaint:
  • Dimensions and numbers of visible lesions

  • Record of tender/swollen joints

Footwear assessment
  • Suitability

  • Wear patterns

  • Distortion of uppers

Weight-bearingLimb alignment
  • Joint/limb segment alignment

  • Foot posture at relaxed calcaneal stance

Comparison with non-weight-bearing observations
Observation of gait
ExaminationProvocation of symptoms/pain
  • Palpation

  • Active motion

  • Passive motion

Systematic palpation and movement of structures, from proximal to distal
  • Bony structures

  • Joints

  • Soft tissues

  • Radiograph

  • Magnetic resonance imaging

  • HRUS

HRUS, high-resolution ultrasound.


n an angled instrument with the broad dimension of its blade perpendicular to the axis of the shank of the shaft.
References in periodicals archive ?
There have been rumours in international media that Se Og Hoer has published new topless and nude pictures of Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge," he said.
Potchefstroom: Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoer Onderwys.
Schachtrupp A, Hoer J, Tons C, Klinge U, Reckord U, Schumpelick V.
In the process of developing the procedure, areas of improvement are always discovered and implemented--but they are only procedures," Hoer said.
Nemmar A, Hoer PH, Vanquickenborne B, Dinsdale D, Thomeer M, Hoylaerts MF, et al.
Popular weekly Se Og Hoer has pledged to reveal how the Bolton midfielder lost both his parents as a child when it is published tomorrow.
The survey, conducted by MMI for the magazine Se og Hoer, found that 51% of Norwegians were in favour of a referendum and 45% were against.
Hoer, "Thru-Reflect-Line: An Improved Technique for Calibration the Dual Six-port Automatic Network Analyzer," IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol.
The first author acknowledges financial support of the Belgian National Science Foundation and the Department of Mathematics of the Potchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoer Onderrig, South Africa.
Die reformatories -- evangeliese leevensvisie en die toekomstige missie van Christelike hoer onderwsysinrigtings in wereldperspektief/The reformational evangelical vision of life and the future mission of Christian highter educational institutions in world perspective (Wetenskaplike Bydraes van die P.
In his book entitled And the Wolf Finally Came, labor journalist John Hoer called that work stoppage the largest single strike in U.