sprain

(redirected from high ankle sprain)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

sprain

 [sprān]
wrenching or twisting of a joint, with partial rupture of its ligaments. There may also be damage to the associated blood vessels, muscles, tendons, and nerves. A sprain is more serious than a strain, which is simply the overstretching of a muscle, without swelling. Severe sprains are so painful that the joint cannot be used. There is much swelling, with reddish to blue discoloration due to hemorrhage from ruptured blood vessels.



First aid for a sprain includes immediate rest with no weight bearing in order to prevent further damage. The injured part should be elevated to decrease swelling. Applications of ice or cold compresses (not heat) to the injured part during the first 24 hours also will relieve pain and help prevent swelling. If there is severe tearing or rupture of a ligament or tendon the condition will require immobilization in a cast or surgical repair or both.

sprain

(sprān),
1. An injury to a ligament as a result of abnormal or excessive forces applied to a joint, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

(sprān) a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact.

sprain

(sprān)
n.
1. A painful wrenching or laceration of the ligaments of a joint.
2. The condition resulting from a sprain.
tr.v. sprained, spraining, sprains
To cause a sprain to (a joint or ligament).

sprain

a traumatic injury to the tendons, muscles, or ligaments around a joint, characterized by pain, swelling, and discoloration of the skin over the joint. The duration and severity of the symptoms vary with the extent of damage to the tissues. Treatment includes support, rest, and alternating cold and heat. Ultrasound therapy may speed recovery. Radiographic images are often indicated to rule out fractures.

sprain

Orthopedics A ligament injury characterized a rupture of fibers without disruption of the ligament itself. See Lateral collateral sprain, Medial collateral sprain, Syndesmosis sprain.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain

Stretching or a minor tear of one of the ligaments that hold together the bone ends in a joint or of the fibres of a joint capsule.

sprain

traumatic injury to a ligament and other periarticular soft tissues (i.e. forced movement beyond normal joint range); characterized by pain, inflammation, bruising and swelling of affected joint area; treated with RICE(P) for first 48 hours postinjury and thence with heat, with associated support strapping and imposed rest until resolution is achieved; severe sprains should undergo X-ray to exclude associated avulsion fracture

sprain,

n an acute injury to ligamentous tissues that results from overstretching, ranging in severity from tissue microtrauma to total disruption of the tissues.

sprain

(sprān)
1. An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than normal, but without dislocation or fracture.
2. To cause a sprain of a joint.

sprain,

n an injury to a joint, with possible rupture of some of the ligaments or tendons but without dislocation or fracture. See also strain.

sprain

wrenching or twisting of a joint, with partial rupture of its ligaments. There may also be damage to the associated blood vessels, muscles, tendons and nerves.
A sprain is more serious than a strain, which is simply the overstretching of a muscle, without swelling. Severe sprains are so painful that the joint cannot be used. There is much swelling owing to hemorrhage from ruptured blood vessels.

Patient discussion about sprain

Q. What do you do for a sprained ankle?

A. R.I.C.E. - Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

Q. What is ERD examination?My doctor want to find where is nerve is sprained. How this examonation will help? If the nerve is sprained by muscles or vertebrae what treat may be given by a doctor?

A. Sorry, but never heard of an examination called ERD, especially not for sprained muscle. Do you mean ERS?

Anyway, you may read more here:
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sprainsandstrains.html

Q. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury? While I exercise I often get sprain. I have seen many times that ice is used as a first aid for sprains. How does ice help a sprained ankle or other injury?

A. it does two helpful things- lower the pain (cold can do that) and prevent swelling. the swelling is a body normal reaction that protects the area that was injured. but we would like to avoid it because it'll strain us.

More discussions about sprain
References in periodicals archive ?
Pain, swelling, limited motion, and bruising in the entire ankle region can occur in both high ankle sprains and lateral ankle sprains.
Left undiagnosed, high ankle sprain can impede an athlete's performance and lead to arthritis.
The loss of Gronkowski obviously won't be felt as much if fellow tight Aaron Hernandez can return from the high ankle sprain that has sidelined him for six games.
With a high ankle sprain, he's going to continue to be aggravated all year long if he doesn't take care of it now.
But he was kicked in the left ankle in the process and suffered a high ankle sprain.
Not likely to be in uniform for Oregon is freshman Mitch Platt, who started Oregon's first three games but suffered a high ankle sprain in the waning minutes of the rout of Marshall on Saturday night in Portland.
Gronkowski hasn't practiced since suffering a high ankle sprain late in the third quarter of the AFC Championship.
Bernier is still recovering from a nasty high ankle sprain.
Jonathan Pollard, a starting junior weakside linebacker who sustained a high ankle sprain, also continues to mend.
Things don't line up as well for the Vikings, who ruled Peterson out with a high ankle sprain yesterday.
I'm sitting there happy that the team is winning and posting shutouts, so I am happy with that," said Vaughn, who suffered from ankle tendinitis, a high ankle sprain and a strained posterior tibial tendon, an injury he suffered during practice three weeks ago.
Kevin Donoho, a sophomore walk-on, will miss the rest of spring drills with a broken collarbone, and Jordan Carey, a true freshman, has a high ankle sprain that could finish him for the spring, a setback because the Ducks had been eager to see him return kickoffs and punts.