high altitude pulmonary edema


Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.

high al·ti·tude pul·mo·nar·y e·de·ma

(hī al'ti-tūd pul'mŏ-nar-ē ĕ-dē'mă)
A severe form of acute mountain sickness with subtle onset of symptoms.
References in periodicals archive ?
For people who have had high altitude pulmonary edema, the calcium channel blocker nifedipine (procardia) can be helpful.
Bartsch, "Variable radiomorphologic data of high altitude pulmonary edema. Features from 60 patients," Chest, vol.
Compared with placebo, bosentan blunted the 2012 [53] hypoxia-induced rise in PASP by 6.4 mm Hg (p = 0.063) and 5.2 mm Hg (p = 0.002) in participants with and without a history of high altitude pulmonary edema, respectively Kortekaas TAPSE and tricuspid inflow peak velocities et al.
Patients and Methods: Autopsies were performed in 17 fatal cases of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) occurring among soldiers serving in Siachen.
High altitude pulmonary edema. In: High altitude medicine and physiology.
29 HAPE Mountaineering Level3 All but case 17th were male, Spr=spring /sum=summer / aut=autumn /win=winter / MI = myocardial infarction / HAPE: High altitude pulmonary edema / WS: Water Submersion Level 1: Receiving theoretical education; Level 2: Receiving both theoretical and practical education; Level 3: Receiving official climbing license Table 3: Possible contributing factors to fatality among Iranian high altitude outdoor enthusiasts (total of 29 cases) Possible risk factors Number of cases Absence of rescue team 6 Previous illness 2 Inappropriate equipment 17 Unfavorable weather 11 High altitude illness 5
AMS can progress to High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) or High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE), which are potentially fatal.
"We have known that both tadalafil and dexamethasone are good for preventing high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and dex for treating symptoms of acute mountain sickness (AMS)," said lead authors Dr Manuel Fischler, of the University Hospital in Zurich, Switzerland, and Hans-Peter Brunner-La Rocca, of the University Hospital in Basel, Switzerland.
Severe consequences include high altitude pulmonary edema and high altitude cerebral edema, which are both medical emergencies.
In moderate--to high-risk situations of AMS such as prior history of AMS and climbing over 2500-2800 m in 1 day, rapid ascent above 2800-3500 m and increase in sleeping elevation more than 500 m/24 hours above 3000 m, a prior history of high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) or high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) pharmacological prophylaxis may be considered as an addition to gradual ascent [4,6].
Excessive gas exchange impairment during exercise in a subject with a history of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and high altitude pulmonary edema.
Brain edema is diagnosed clinically by ataxia, loss of consciousness or both in case of AMS or high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) [25].

Full browser ?