high altitude pulmonary edema


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high al·ti·tude pul·mo·nar·y e·de·ma

(hī al'ti-tūd pul'mŏ-nar-ē ĕ-dē'mă)
A severe form of acute mountain sickness with subtle onset of symptoms.
References in periodicals archive ?
For people who have had high altitude pulmonary edema, the calcium channel blocker nifedipine (procardia) can be helpful.
High altitude pulmonary edema is a problem experienced by individuals at altitudes of 8000 ft.
Joseph Feldschuh, President and CEO of Daxor commented that "the understanding of blood volume derangement in high altitude pulmonary edema may lead to a better understanding of the condition and improvement in therapy.
High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) is a severe and often fatal disease which develops in individuals exposed to high altitude above 2500 meters (8200 feet)1.
Table-2: Autopsy findings in cases of high altitude pulmonary edema.
29 HAPE Mountaineering Level3 All but case 17th were male, Spr=spring /sum=summer / aut=autumn /win=winter / MI = myocardial infarction / HAPE: High altitude pulmonary edema / WS: Water Submersion Level 1: Receiving theoretical education; Level 2: Receiving both theoretical and practical education; Level 3: Receiving official climbing license Table 3: Possible contributing factors to fatality among Iranian high altitude outdoor enthusiasts (total of 29 cases) Possible risk factors Number of cases Absence of rescue team 6 Previous illness 2 Inappropriate equipment 17 Unfavorable weather 11 High altitude illness 5
In moderate--to high-risk situations of AMS such as prior history of AMS and climbing over 2500-2800 m in 1 day, rapid ascent above 2800-3500 m and increase in sleeping elevation more than 500 m/24 hours above 3000 m, a prior history of high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) or high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) pharmacological prophylaxis may be considered as an addition to gradual ascent [4,6].
Consensus Statement of the UIAA Medical Commission Vol: 2; Emergency Field Management of Acute Mountain Sickness, High Altitude Pulmonary Edema, and High Altitude Cerebral Edema; Intended for Doctors, Interested Non-medical Persons and Trekking or Expedition Operators.
Excessive gas exchange impairment during exercise in a subject with a history of bronchopulmonary dysplasia and high altitude pulmonary edema.
Brain edema is diagnosed clinically by ataxia, loss of consciousness or both in case of AMS or high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) [25].

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