Persistence of net heterotrophy
in lakes during nutrient addition and food web manipulations.
In this paper, several important photobioreactor design concepts are reviewed, including those involved with adequate use of light energy (light/dark cycles, light path and reactor geometry) as well as those based in physiological concepts (oxygen photoinhibition, high cell density cultures, ultra high density cultures, heterotrophy
Nutrients, primary production and microbial heterotrophy
in the southeastern Chukchi Sea: Arctic summer nutrient depletion and heterotrophy
Transformation of a tundra river from heterotrophy
to autotrophy by addition of phosphorus.
Because Oculina derives the bulk of its nutrition from photosynthetic symbionts (Miller 1995), shading may have a greater impact than reduced heterotrophy
, although there is evidence for both exploitative and interference competition between Oculina and seaweeds (Miller and Hay 1996).
Shifting roles of heterotrophy
and autotrophy in coral energetics under varying turbidity.
The oligotrophic condition, P- and light limitation in Peri Lake resulted in heterotrophy
(R>NPP) in all sampled months, typical of oligotrophic lakes (Cole et al., 1994).
The eukaryotic microbes detected highlight the potential importance of heterotrophy
in central SPSG surface waters.
capitata in relation to energy derived from both photosynthesis and heterotrophy
. However, energy cost estimates based on energy uptake by photosynthesis suggest that gamete production in M.
of the degree of tissue heterotrophy
(Borkowska & Szczerba, 1991).
Algal populations in Arctic sea ice: An investigation of heterotrophy
. Limnology and Oceanography 17:454-458.