Heterokaryon formation and parasexual recombination between vegetatively incompatible lineages in a population of the chestnut blight fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica.
Molecular genetics of heterokaryon incompatibility in filamentous ascomycetes.
We also studied the expression of another neuronal marker, MAP2, in a heterokaryon (Figure 11).
The results presented above show that, during the normal postnatal ontogenesis, regional brain cells, oligodendrocytes, and neurons fuse and form heterokaryons. The oligodendrocytic nucleus in a heterokaryon changes according to the pattern of the neuronal nucleus to which it is fused.
We describe the natural process of neuron-oligodendrocyte heterokaryon formation.
niger is an asexual fungus, segregants of the two parental strains can be obtained by forced haploidization of heterozygous diploids that arise spontaneously in a heterokaryon
(Pontecorvo et al.
If the two conspecifics are vegetatively compatible, they will fuse by a process called anastomosis, and form a heterokaryon.
Heterokaryon formation, the formation of a coenocytic state where two (or even more) genetically different haploid nuclei are present, is typical for the fungi.
To create a new hybrid, homokaryons are combined, or crossed, to form heterokaryons
are cells that contain multiple genetically different nuclei (Figure 1).
can not be identified because protoplasts of the parents were of the same type and shape.
Formation of hybrid cells and heterokaryons
by fusion of enucleated and nucleated cells.