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something that enlarges or prolongs; called also expander.
artificial plasma extender (plasma volume extender) a substance that can be transfused to maintain fluid volume of the blood in event of great necessity, supplemental to the use of whole blood and plasma. Called also plasma volume expander.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


A carbohydrate starch derivative used as a cryoprotective agent for erythrocytes; also used as an extender of blood plasma volume.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about hetastarch

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References in periodicals archive ?
At this time, hypertonic saline (3 mL/kg IO over 10 minutes) was given, later followed by hetastarch (10 mL/kg IO over 15 minutes) via syringe pump while still in the oxygen cage.
Group A patients received 2 ml/kg Ringer lactate iv (intravenously) and served as control, Group B patients received 12 ml/kg Ringer lactate iv whereas Group C patients received 12 ml/kg of 4.5 per cent hydroxyethylstarch (Hetastarch) iv.
Em relacao ao uso de expansores do plasma, BEAL (2005) recomenda o Hetastarch a 6% (derivado da amilopectina) em dose de 5-20ml [kg.sup.-1].
Volume replacement can be accomplished with concurrent administration of crystalloid or other volume expanders, such as hetastarch (Hespan) or albumin.
That will serve to prevent shock and keep the remaining red cells and other components in circulation." (95) The pamphlet recommends various aqueous solutions; including saline, Ringer's solution, and Hetastarch. (96) The Society realizes that its readers probably know that losing blood, results, in oxygen deprivation and thereby placates this concern with "You have oxygen carrying reserves." (97) The pamphlet explains that the body compensates by directing the heart to beat faster, and if the blood is diluted, it will race through one's veins delivering oxygen more quickly.
This may be achieved through the administration of blood products as well as hypertonic or normal saline and other plasma expanders such as hetastarch. Nurses, along with respiratory therapists, can collaborate at the bedside to directly enhance brain tissue oxygenation content by increasing the amount of inspired oxygen on the ventilator as well.
Nonplasma expanders such as saline solutions, Ringer's lactate, and hetastarch can be used to replace lost fluid volume.
Two of these groups received colloids (one received albumin, the other, hetastarch).
Preloading with hetastarch has been our standard regimen for elective CD for over two decades in our institution (10).
Intraoperative fluid therapy consisted of a continuous-rate infusion of a balanced electrolyte solution (10 mL/kg per hour) and bolus of hetastarch (10 mL/kg; Vetstarch, Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, IL, USA), administered via an intraosseous catheter (22gauge spinal needle) placed in the right distal ulna.
Bogner, "The effect of hetastarch on the stability of L-asparaginase during freeze- thaw cycling," PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, vol.
Sharma et al recently observed that patients given 500 ml of hetastarch had a 21 Percent incidence of hypotension after spinal anesthesia with lidocaine for postpartum tubal ligation compared to a 55 Percent incidence in patients given 1000 ml of LR14.