used a HPLC-PDA method to identify 8 components (rutin, narirutin, naringin, hesperidin
, neohesperidin, poncirin, nobiletin, and tangeretin) in FA, but this method was unreasonably time-consuming (60 min).
is a flavonoid that has different pharmacological actions (e.g., antioxidant, antineoplastic, and neuroprotective effects) in vitro and in vivo.
Some flavonoid compounds, such as naringin, hesperidin
, and neohesperidin, also exert antidepressant like and/or anti-inflammatory effects.
was purchased by Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chengdu, China).
contributes to the vascular protective effects of orange juice: a randomized crossover study in healthy volunteers.
Antioxidant activity of the flavonoid hesperidin
in chemical and biological systems.
Xie, "Effect of hesperidin
on B16 and HaCaT cell lines irradiated by arrowband-UVB light," Journal of Clinical Dermatology (China), vol.
Her therapy was enalapril, indapamide, atorvastatin, fenofibrate, acetylsalicylic acid, and diosmin/ hesperidin
. Her body mass index was 35 kg/[m.sup.2].
Other lightening agents used are retinoic acid (tretinoin), azelaic acid, kojic acid, isopropylcatechol, N-acetyl-4cysteaminyl- phenol, and certain natural extracts like arbutin, aloesin, flavonoids, hesperidin
, soy and many others are being investigated for their ability to produce hypopigmentation.
is one of several bioflavonoids in vitamin C.
Daflon, which is 90% Diosmin and 10% Hesperidin
(Daflon 500), was introduced in France by Bensaude  for the treatment of haemorrhoids and other capillovenous diseases.
In particular, several nutrients have been shown in clinical studies to be effective in relieving hot flashes, including fish oils, hesperidin
(a flavonoid) in combination with vitamin C, pine bark extract, gamma oryzanol (a compound in rice bran oil), and vitamin E.