herpetic gingivostomatitis


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gingivostomatitis

 [jin″jĭ-vo-sto″mah-ti´tis]
inflammation of the gingiva and oral mucosa.
herpetic gingivostomatitis that due to infection with herpes simplex virus, with redness of the oral tissues, formation of multiple vesicles and painful ulcers, and fever.
necrotizing ulcerative gingivostomatitis that due to extension to the oral mucosa of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis; see also vincent's angina. Called also Plaut's or pseudomembranous angina.

herpetic gingivostomatitis

primary herpetic gingivostomatitis is the most common viral infection of the gum tissue due to herpes simplex type I virus (HSV-1) presenting with fragile vesicles that rapidly progress to painful ulcerations of the gingival tissue. Primary infection also presents with fever, lymphadenopathy, and fatigue. Herpes infections are transmitted by physical contact and typically arise in early childhood. Recurrent herpetic gingivostomatitis occurs in 15%-45% of the infected population. Treatment includes antiviral medications initiated within the first 3 symptomatic days of lesion onset. See gingivostomatitis.