herpes gladiatorum


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her·pes gla·di·a·to'·rum

herpes simplex infection associated with trauma to cutaneous tissue.
Herpes simplex-1-induced lesions of the eyes and skin of the head, neck, trunk, or extremities, accompanied by lymphadenopathy, sore throat, fever, chills and headache, often described in wrestlers and rugby players

herpes gladiatorum

Traumatic herpes Sports medicine H simplex-1-induced lesions of the eyes and skin of the head, neck, trunk, or extremities, accompanied by lymphadenopathy, sore throat, fever, chills and headache, described in modern 'gladiators'–eg, wrestlers and rugby players. See Herpes simplex. Cf Tinea gladiatorum.
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* Herpes gladiatorum refers to a primary cutaneous HSV infection contracted by an athlete through direct skin-to-skin contact with another athlete.
The lesions of herpes gladiatorum are classically limited in distribution and reflective of the areas of direct contact with infected skin, most commonly the face, neck, and arms.
Valacyclovir in athletes with a past history of herpes gladiatorum could decrease risk of recurrence in sports tournaments.
* Athletes should be checked for HSV lesions before participating in contact sports to avoid the spread of herpes gladiatorum. Infected athletes should not participate in contact or collision sports for five days or until the HSV-1 infection resolves.
The effectiveness of valacyclovir in preventing reactivation of herpes gladiatorum in wrestlers.
Herpes gladiatorum is usually caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1).
At an annual Minneapolis wrestling camp, for example, an average of 15 participants per session have developed herpes gladiatorum over the past 14 years.
Wrestlers with herpes gladiatorum have small blisters, technically called vesicles, just like those seen on children with chickenpox.
Among those wrestlers who had herpes gladiatorum for fewer than 2 years, the recurrence rate during the course of a competitive season was 42.9% among 14 wrestlers on placebo and 11.8% among 17 who took 500 mg of valacyclovir daily.
Herpes gladiatorum is the name for the skin infection caused by Herpes simplex I found in wrestlers and rugby players.
Editorial Note: Herpes gladiatorum (cutaneous infection with HSV in wrestlers and rugby players) was first described in the mid-1960s (1-3).
* Acne, eczema, herpes gladiatorum, and poison ivy may mimic the appearance of impetigo.