hepatorenal syndrome


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Related to hepatorenal syndrome: Hepatopulmonary syndrome

hepatorenal

 [hep″ah-to-re´nal]
pertaining to the liver and kidneys.
hepatorenal syndrome oliguria and renal failure in a patient with anatomically and morphologically normal kidneys in the presence of liver failure. Prognosis is poor.

hep·a·to·re·nal syn·drome

, hepatonephric syndrome
the occurrence of acute renal failure in people with disease of the liver or biliary tract, apparently due to decreased renal blood flow and conditions that damage both organs, such as carbon tetrachloride poisoning and leptospirosis.

hepatorenal syndrome

n.
A condition in which acute renal failure occurs with disease of the liver or biliary tract.

hepatorenal syndrome

a type of kidney failure characterized by a gradual loss of function without signs of tissue damage. It is associated with hepatitis or cirrhosis of the liver; its exact cause is unknown.

hepatorenal syndrome

Bile nephrosis Hepatology A complication of liver failure characterized by acute renal dysfunction without renal pathology, due to ↓ perfusion, hypovolemia, and hyperaldosteronism, 2º to liver disease–eg, cirrhosis, acute fatty liver, hepatic failure, obstructive jaundice, sepsis, infectious hepatitis Etiology Unclear Clinical ↓/absent urine, jaundice, bloating, delirium, confusion, N&V Prognosis Very poor;13 relentlessly deteriorate. Cf Cirrhotic glomerulonephritis.

hep·a·to·re·nal syn·drome

, hepatonephric syndrome (hep'ă-tō-rē'năl sin'drōm, hĕp'ă-tō-nĕf'rik)
The occurrence of acute renal failure in patients with disease of the liver or biliary tract.

hepatorenal syndrome

A form of kidney failure occurring in CIRRHOSIS of the liver, not because of kidney disease but probably because of greatly diminished blood flow through the kidneys because of renal vasoconstriction. The outlook is very poor unless liver transplantation is performed.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a reversible form of functional renal failure that occurs predominantly with advanced liver disease and fulminant liver failure.
Keywords: Arginine vasopressin receptor, AVPR, Hepatorenal syndrome, HRS, Single nucleotide polymorphisms, SNPs, Liver cirrhosis.
EASL clinical practice guidelines on the management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis.
Recent advances in our understanding of hepatorenal syndrome.
Death due to hepatorenal syndrome occurred in 4 patients during 6 month follow up.
Frusemide though not being significantly metabolized by liver may lead to severe side effects such as hyperuricaemia, electrolyte disturbances such as hypokalaemia and the hepatorenal syndrome observed in cirrhotic patients (6).
Advances in the pathogenesis and treatment of type-1 and type-2 hepatorenal syndrome.
13) In another study of 13 patients with hepatorenal syndrome, treatment with MARS system improved serum bilirubin and creatinine levels in the treated patients (n=8) vs.
Currently, PDL BioPharma's diverse late-stage product pipeline includes six investigational compounds in Phase 2 or Phase 3 clinical development for hepatorenal syndrome, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, cardiovascular disorders and cancer.
Moreover, the degree of malnutrition correlated with the development of serious complications such as encephalopathy, ascites, and hepatorenal syndrome (Mendenhall et al.