hepatorenal syndrome


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Related to hepatorenal syndrome: Hepatopulmonary syndrome

hepatorenal

 [hep″ah-to-re´nal]
pertaining to the liver and kidneys.
hepatorenal syndrome oliguria and renal failure in a patient with anatomically and morphologically normal kidneys in the presence of liver failure. Prognosis is poor.

hep·a·to·re·nal syn·drome

, hepatonephric syndrome
the occurrence of acute renal failure in people with disease of the liver or biliary tract, apparently due to decreased renal blood flow and conditions that damage both organs, such as carbon tetrachloride poisoning and leptospirosis.

hepatorenal syndrome

n.
A condition in which acute renal failure occurs with disease of the liver or biliary tract.

hepatorenal syndrome

Bile nephrosis Hepatology A complication of liver failure characterized by acute renal dysfunction without renal pathology, due to ↓ perfusion, hypovolemia, and hyperaldosteronism, 2º to liver disease–eg, cirrhosis, acute fatty liver, hepatic failure, obstructive jaundice, sepsis, infectious hepatitis Etiology Unclear Clinical ↓/absent urine, jaundice, bloating, delirium, confusion, N&V Prognosis Very poor;13 relentlessly deteriorate. Cf Cirrhotic glomerulonephritis.

hep·a·to·re·nal syn·drome

, hepatonephric syndrome (hep'ă-tō-rē'năl sin'drōm, hĕp'ă-tō-nĕf'rik)
The occurrence of acute renal failure in patients with disease of the liver or biliary tract.

hepatorenal syndrome

A form of kidney failure occurring in CIRRHOSIS of the liver, not because of kidney disease but probably because of greatly diminished blood flow through the kidneys because of renal vasoconstriction. The outlook is very poor unless liver transplantation is performed.
References in periodicals archive ?
RI may be superior to serum creatinine levels as an indicator in patients with liver cirrhosis for the detection of patients at risk for the development of hepatorenal syndrome.
Serum sodium identifies patients with cirrhosis at high risk of hepatorenal syndrome. Z Gastroenterol 2013;51(7):628-34.
Keywords: Arginine vasopressin receptor, AVPR, Hepatorenal syndrome, HRS, Single nucleotide polymorphisms, SNPs, Liver cirrhosis.
Gerbes et al., "Definition and diagnostic criteria of refractory ascites and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis," Hepatology, vol.
Hepatorenal syndrome is a fatal but potentially reversible complication of end stage liver disease.
Arroyo, "Hepatorenal syndrome: definition, pathophysiology, clinical features and management," Kidney International, Supplement, vol.
The chapters on the liver address immunology, inborn errors of metabolism, hepatitis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, alcoholic liver disease, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, autoimmune hepatitis, amebic liver abscess, pyogenic liver abscess, hydatid cysts, leptospirosis, cirrhosis, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatocellular carcinoma, portal hypertension, hepatorenal syndrome, drug-induced liver injury, acute liver failure, biliary atresia, liver diseases in pregnancy, liver transplantation, gallstone disease, cholangiocarcinoma, acute and chronic pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer, including information on pathogenesis, epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, clinical features, treatment, differential diagnosis, prognosis, and other aspects.
Bacterial infections are often present in patients with liver cirrhosis, often leading to the progression of liver failure, occurrence of complications such as gastrointestinal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome and acute exacerbation of chronic liver failure.
Gines, "Pathogenesis and treatment of hepatorenal syndrome," Seminars in Liver Disease, vol.
A post-mortem examination concluded that she had died of hepatorenal syndrome as a result of liver damage.
This option agreement adds potential proprietary protection to La Jolla's pipeline, which includes treatments for chronic kidney disease, hepatorenal syndrome, chronic iron overload and rare diseases.