hepatoma

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Related to hepatomas: hepatocarcinoma, Hepatic cancer

hepatoma

 [hep″ah-to´mah]
1. a tumor of the liver.

hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC),

[MIM*114550]
Malignant tumor of the liver that develops in the setting of chronic liver disease or cirrhosis. Hepatocellular carcinoma is derived from hepatocytes that are transformed into adenocarcinoma. Up to 60% of patients with HCC have elevated serum alpha fetoprotein levels. Tumor has a poor long-term prognosis unless treated surgically by resection or liver transplantation. Noninvasive imaging (e.g., MRI or CT scan) may distinguish hepatomas from other benign tumors such as hemangiomas.

hepatoma

/hep·a·to·ma/ (hep″ah-to´mah)
1. a tumor of the liver.
2. hepatocellular carcinoma (malignant h.).

hepatoma

(hĕp′ə-tō′mə)
n. pl. hepato·mas or hepato·mata (-mə-tə)
A usually malignant tumor occurring in the liver.

hepatoma

[hep′ətō′mə] pl. hepatomas, hepatomata
Etymology: Gk, hēpar + oma, tumor
a primary malignant tumor of the liver, which is relatively rare in the United States, characterized by hepatomegaly, pain, hypoglycemia, weight loss, anorexia, and ascites, as well as elevated serum alpha-fetoprotein levels, portal hypertension, and jaundice in the plasma. It occurs most commonly in the sixth decade, and its incidence is higher in African-Americans than in Caucasians. It occurs most frequently in association with hepatitis or cirrhosis of the liver and in those parts of the world where the mycotoxin aflatoxin is found. It is treated with surgical resection when isolated to one lobe of the liver. The prognosis is poor. Chemotherapy and liver transplantation are used in some centers.
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Subdural hepatoma

hepatoma

(1) Hepatocellular carcinoma; liver cell carcinoma.
(2) Liver cell adenoma.

hepatoma

Hepatocellular carcinoma, see there.

ma·lig·nant hep·a·to·ma

(mă-lig'nănt hep'ă-tō'mă)
A carcinoma derived from parenchymal cells of the liver.
Synonym(s): hepatocarcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma.

hepatoma

A primary cancer of the liver (hepatocellular carcinoma). Primary liver cancer is rare in the Western world while secondary cancer is very common. Hepatomas are common in areas in which exposure to HEPATITIS B and AFLATOXINS occur frequently. In these areas, males with CIRRHOSIS are especially prone. There are high blood levels of ALPHAFETOPROTEIN. Surgery is sometimes feasible but the outlook is poor.

hepatoma

any tumor of the liver, especially hepatocellular carcinoma (malignant hepatoma).
References in periodicals archive ?
As a treating surgeon I am particularly interested in investigating this new opportunity for treating hepatoma patients and very pleased to have the opportunity to commence human trials so soon after announcing our collaboration with Progen Industries," he said.
announced that it had received an SBIR Phase I Grant of $100,000 from the National Cancer Institute, Division of the National Institutes of Health, to test and evaluate a novel approach for hepatoma (liver cancer) gene therapy.
This observation has important implications in the treatment of CCK-BR positive tumors including hepatomas where there are limited therapeutic options.