henbane


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hy·o·scy·a·mus

(hī'ō-sī'ă-mŭs),
The leaves and flowering tops of Hyoscyamus niger (family Solanaceae); contains hyoscyamine and hyoscine (scopolamine); an anticholinergic and antispasmodic.
Synonym(s): henbane
[G. hyoskyamos, henbane or hog's bean, fr. hys, gen. hyos, a hog, + kyamos, a bean]

henbane

(hĕn′bān′)
n.
A poisonous Eurasian plant (Hyoscyamus niger) in the nightshade family, having a strong odor, sticky leaves, and funnel-shaped greenish-yellow flowers. It is a source of hyoscyamine.

henbane

Herbal medicine
A herb that is the primary source of atropine, hyoscyamine and scopolamine; henbane was formerly used by herbalists, but is now regarded as unsafe by the FDA.

Toxic effects
Blurred vision, convulsions, delirium stupor, vertigo, and in high amounts, death.
References in periodicals archive ?
[2] had cited that the henbane seeds have a low germination rate under normal laboratory conditions and to break dormancy in his study, he had treated henbane seeds in GA3 (250mg/l) for 48h and after 3 days, 90% of seeds germinated.
Healthy & Organic Living magazine's website has now issued an urgent warning that "henbane is a very toxic plant and should never be eaten".
"However, I have read that henbane was once used in magic potions and I am a little witch at heart."
In the vast brotherhood of pain, there is neither East nor West, both using opium, mandrake, hashish and henbane, which sought to bring to operated patients the balm of merciful sleep.
Belladonna has a chemical profile similar to other important witching herbs, specifically datura, henbane and mandrake.
This kind of danger hovers near the surface, for example, of the poem "Herbs": Before fog leaves the scrub-oak Or the grasses of the downland, Take dragonwort under the black alder, Take cockspur grass and henbane, The belladonna, the deadly nightshade.
So erst the Sage with scientific truth In Grecian temples taught the attentive youth; With ceaseless change how restless atoms pass From life to life, a transmigrating mass; How the same organs, which to day compose The poisonous henbane, or the fragrant rose, May with to morrow's sun new forms compile, Frown in the Hero, in the Beauty smile.
Here's the apocryphal OED reference: "'Twas this cruel night the jack-slave featly came, to blog her with henbane and sarcenet." Yep, in that context it certainly suggests either sex or violence, and Shakespeare made bold use of both activities.
incarnata extracts show potentiated anxiolytic properties in combination with other plant extracts (chamomile, valerian, hawthorn, Jamaican dogwood, belladonna, and henbane) with a less potent hypnotic component.
Happy As Larry (c Yes It's True - Don't Be Blue by Henbane)
Scientists discovered the remnants of a brew in a Neolithic pot in the Orkneys: it contained henbane, hemlock and deadly nightshade, ingredients that could kill but which in beer would produce mind-altering hallucinatory effects.