hemoperfusion


Also found in: Wikipedia.

hemoperfusion

 [he″mo-per-fu´zhun]
the passing of large volumes of blood over an adsorbent substance outside the body in order to remove toxic substances. See also hemofiltration.

he·mo·per·fu·sion

(hē'mō-pĕr-fyū'zhŭn),
Passage of blood through columns of adsorptive material (such as activated charcoal) to remove toxic substances from the blood.
[hemo- + L. perfusio, to pass through]

he·mo·per·fu·sion

(hē'mō-pĕr-fyū'zhŭn)
Passage of blood through columns of adsorptive material, such as activated charcoal, to remove toxic substances.
Synonym(s): haemoperfusion.
[hemo- + L. perfusio, to pass through]
References in periodicals archive ?
Blood purification system includes hemodialysis (HD), hemofiltration (HF) and hemoperfusion (HP) and other modes, their basic principles of hemodialysis systems are based on diffusion, ultrafiltration, adsorption and others, and further removal of toxins and metabolic waste from the blood.
Charcoal hemoperfusion eliminates the highly protein-bound drugs, but is not accessible in routine and has not been practiced to eliminate RIV.
Early use of polymyxin B hemoperfusion in abdominal septic shock: The EUPHAS randomized controlled trial.
However, the use of hemoperfusion in the management of severe OPP remains controversial.
Our case report and a number of others have shown that hemodialysis and hemoperfusion shorten the serum half-lives of VPA and effectively reverse patients' hemodynamic instability and central nervous depression (8-11).
Effects of hemodialysis combined with hemoperfusion on severe acute pancreatitis
On the day one of ICU stay, without any delay, he was started on extracorporeal cytokine hemoperfusion therapy for 12 h.
Plasma adsorption was combined with a plasma bilirubin adsorption followed by a plasma hemoperfusion (Figure 2), which is referred to as double plasma molecular adsorption system (DPMAS) in China [24].
After 12h of hemoperfusion, IL-6 values were 4.326 ng/ml and decreased dramatically during the course of treatments until 60.1 ng/ml after 60h and 35 ng/ml after 72h.
Treatment of the septic shock according to early goal-directed therapy was combined with continuous hemodiafiltration and polymyxin B-immobilized fiber column hemoperfusion. As nausea and marked abdominal distension were present, contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen was conducted (Figures 1 and 2).
Endotoxins have been identified as key substances in sepsis progression, and polymyxin B-immobilized columns have been designed for the removal of endotoxins through direct hemoperfusion [9].