In the state of Para, DEANE (1961) conducted a study on hemoflagellates
using blood smears of wild animals, including P cancrivorus and N.
vivax have shown a very high cross-reactivity, some researchers have performed studies addressing the common antigens found between these two hemoflagellates
[2, 3, 23, 24, 26].
Some piscine hemoflagellates
like Trypanosoma platessae are strictly host specific (Cotterll, 1977) while others like T.
A subcategory of the flagellate group is the hemoflagellates
which infect blood.
The next paper with a DNA-mention, dealing with clinical epidemiology about hemoflagellates
, was published six years later (Zeledon 1971).
in Cyrtodactylus kotschyi (Steindachner, 1870) (Reptilia, Gekkonidae) in Italy.
Table 6-2 Cellular and Infective Stages of the Hemoflagellates
Genus/Species Amastigote Promastigote [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Trypanosoma cruzi Intracellular Occurs Trypanosoma brucei Does not occur Does not occur Leishmania Intracellular In sand fly gut Genus/Species Epimastigote Trypomastigote [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Trypanosoma cruzi In gut of reduviid bug In feces of reduviid bug; transferred to humans Trypanosoma brucei In salivary gland of In mouthparts of tsetse fly tsetse fly Leishmania Does not occur Does not occur Table 6-3 Trypansomes That Affect Animals Trypanosome Species Animals Affected Geographic Distribution Try.