Long term cryopreservation of the amastigote stages of hemoflagellates
. J Eukaryot Microbiol 1988; 35: 114-5.
Krassner, "A simple monophasic medium for axenic culture of hemoflagellates
," Journal of Parasitology, vol.
Sullivan, "Cultivation of clinically significant hemoflagellates
," Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol.
In the state of Para, DEANE (1961) conducted a study on hemoflagellates
using blood smears of wild animals, including P cancrivorus and N.
vivax have shown a very high cross-reactivity, some researchers have performed studies addressing the common antigens found between these two hemoflagellates
[2, 3, 23, 24, 26].
of Oregon marine fishes with the description of new species of Trypanosoma and Trypanoplasma" Journal of Parasitology, vol.
Some piscine hemoflagellates
like Trypanosoma platessae are strictly host specific (Cotterll, 1977) while others like T.
A subcategory of the flagellate group is the hemoflagellates
which infect blood.
The next paper with a DNA-mention, dealing with clinical epidemiology about hemoflagellates, was published six years later (Zeledon 1971).
Cultivation and transfection of hemoflagellates. A review.
in Cyrtodactylus kotschyi (Steindachner, 1870) (Reptilia, Gekkonidae) in Italy.
Table 6-2 Cellular and Infective Stages of the Hemoflagellates
Genus/Species Amastigote Promastigote [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Trypanosoma cruzi Intracellular Occurs Trypanosoma brucei Does not occur Does not occur Leishmania Intracellular In sand fly gut Genus/Species Epimastigote Trypomastigote [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Trypanosoma cruzi In gut of reduviid bug In feces of reduviid bug; transferred to humans Trypanosoma brucei In salivary gland of In mouthparts of tsetse fly tsetse fly Leishmania Does not occur Does not occur Table 6-3 Trypansomes That Affect Animals Trypanosome Species Animals Affected Geographic Distribution Try.