hemodilution


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hemodilution

 [he″mo-dĭ-loo´shun]
increase in the fluid content of blood, resulting in diminution of the concentration of formed elements.

he·mo·di·lu·tion

(hē'mō-di-lū'shŭn),
Increase in the volume of plasma in relation to red blood cells; reduced concentration of red blood cells in the circulation.

hemodilution

/he·mo·di·lu·tion/ (-di-loo´shun) increase in fluid content of blood, resulting in lowered concentration of formed elements.

hemodilution

[-dilo̅o̅′shən]
Etymology: Gk, haima, blood; L, diluare, to wash away
a condition in which the concentration of erythrocytes or other blood elements is lowered, usually resulting from an increase in plasma volume, often secondary to the use of plasma. Also spelled haemodilution.

hemodilution

Cardiovascular surgery A technique used during cardiopulmonary bypass to ↓ risk of intraoperative thrombosis diluting the blood with crystalloids, ↓ hematocrit to ≤ 0.25-0.30 Transfusion medicine The removal of blood from a Pt at induction of anesthesia while replacing the volume with crystalloids–eg, saline or lactated Ringer's solution, or with colloids–eg, albumin, hydroxyethyl starch, dextrans, or purified protein fractions, or a combination of the 2. See Albumin, Dextrans, Hydroxyethyl starch, Intraoperative hemodilution, Purified protein fractions, Surgical blood management.

he·mo·di·lu·tion

(hē'mō-di-lū'shŭn)
Increase in the volume of plasma in relation to red blood cells; reduced concentration of red blood cells in the circulation.
Synonym(s): haemodilution.

hemodilution

increase in the fluid content of blood, resulting in diminution of the concentration of formed elements.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although demanding, normovolemic hemodilution has been shown to be more cost effective than preoperative autologous donation.
A moderate number of surgeons reported using procedural hemostatic techniques, such as CellSaver (8; 31%), autologous blood banking (4; 15%), or acute normovolemic hemodilution (10; 26%) (Table 3).
14) found that in patients with advanced HF 46% of anemia was due to hemodilution and 54% of anemia was owing to true anemia.
Effects of 6% hydroxyethyl starch and 3% modified fluid gelatin on intravascular volume and coagulation during intraoperative hemodilution.
CPB is responsible for a transient decrease in platelet count because of hemodilution from priming the pump with colloid or crystalloid solutions and mechanical platelet damage.
Any advice for minimizing hemodilution by avoiding fluid intake before blood draws probably should also include avoiding the fluid in food, which would necessitate complete fasting anyway.
Due to bleeding, hemodilution, and consumption of coagulation factors and platelets in the extracorporeal circuit patients undergoing cardiac surgery receive a large quantity of blood components.
Increased plasma volume results in generalized hemodilution which is a patient-related variable.
These changes might be the cause of variations in haematological and plasma biochemical values during hemodilution at each stage of lactation.
This cytoprotection could not be accounted for by changes in hemodilution (as measured by blood hematocrit), arterial blood pressure, heart rate, glucose and core temperature, or differences in local blood perfusion and intramuscular pressure, as these parameters did not differ significantly between vehicle- and magnolol-treated animals.
Peri-operatively, hemodilution can influence post-operative bleeding.