hemispherectomy


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hemispherectomy

 [hem″ĭ-sfēr-ek´to-me]
surgical removal of a cerebral hemisphere; done in intractable epilepsy.

hem·i·spher·ec·to·my

(hem'ē-sfēr-ek'tŏ-mē),
Excision of one cerebral hemisphere; undertaken for malignant tumors, intractable epilepsy usually associated with infantile hemiplegia due to birth injury, and other cerebral conditions.

hemispherectomy

(hĕm″ĭ-sfĕr-ĕk′tō-mē)
Surgical removal of one hemisphere of the brain; an operation sometimes used to treat severe brain diseases such as refractory epilepsy.
References in periodicals archive ?
In humans, a hemispherectomy is the removal of half of the what?
Over the years, she has overcome many challenges and undergone multiple operations, including a hemispherectomy - a very rare neurosurgical procedure to remove half of her brain.
On the other hand, Rasmussen encephalitis does not respond well to medical management (except some response to IVIg) and often requires surgical intervention in the form of hemispherectomy to halt the progression of the disease and control status epilepticus.
Sixteen participants did not have CST wiring data (n =1 panic attack, n = 2 hemispherectomy, n = 3 VP shunt, n = 2 epilepsy, n =1 tumor, n = 4 refusals to participate, and n = 3 inconclusive TMS results), resulting in a total of 59 participants.
If seizures persist surgical procedures such as functional hemispherectomy, anatomic hemispherectomy, and hemispherectomy can be done.
Keywords: Hemimegalencephaly, Hemiparesis, Intractable epilepsy, Hemispherectomy.
And this is true even in the extreme condition of recovery after left hemispherectomy. We can say, therefore, that the rules of information processing typical of the right hemispheres of well-lateralized right-handers are not the rules characteristic of syntax or linguistic transformation.
Cell culture and drug treatment: In this study we used HCN-2 cell line derived from the cortical tissue of the brain from the patients undergoing hemispherectomy for intractable seizures.
Hemispherectomy is a palliative surgical approach that aims to control potentially harmful seizures, for instance, atonic or drop seizures, preventing the spread of epileptic electrical activity (1,2,3,18,27).
MR imaging is more sensitive in detecting complications of hemispherectomy, such as extra or intra-axial haemorrhage, hydrocephalus or infections.
The organoid is more probably suitable for treating patients with multilayer brain tissue loss including traumatic brain injury, stroke [80], hemispherectomy, or lobotomy because of tumor, epilepsy, and intracranial hematoma.