03 How many sectors does the Glaucoma Hemifield
Test (GHT) compare between the upper and lower hemifields
in the Humphrey Field Analyzer?
Left eye computerized visual field examination (24-2 Sita Standard, Humphrey field analyzer MODEL 740i, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc, Dublin, CA, USA) revealed an enlarged blind spot, a dense altitudinal superior scotoma and a slight diffuse reduction of sensitivity in the inferior hemifield
. Right visual field was normal (Figure 3).
Diagnosis criteria for JOAG were optic nerve head changes such as cup-to-disc (C/D) ratio [greater than or equal to]0.3 and localized neuroretinal rim defects, IOP [greater than or equal to]22 mmHg, glaucomatous changes of optic disc and retinal nerve fiber layer in OCT analysis, and visual field defects such as nasal step, Seidel, or arcuate scotoma, and abnormal glaucoma hemifield
test in cooperative patients.
An early-stage glaucomatous visual field result was defined as mean deviation (MD) ≥ −6.00 dB and at least one of the following: (1) on a pattern deviation plot, there a cluster of three or more points in an expected location of the visual field depressed below the 5% level, at least one of which is depressed below the 1% level; (2) corrected pattern standard deviation/pattern standard deviation significant at P < 0.05; (3) glaucoma hemifield
test 'outside normal limits.'
(48) The right-dominant organization might be associated with the 'left field advantage' for face recognition; human subjects process face information faster when presented to the left hemifield
than to the right hemifield
For instance, the original "Organic Brain Syndrome" classification, as outlined in the first Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association, was that objective neurological deficits had to be obviously expressed as some abnormal reflex, motor (hemiplegia), sensory (visual field defect), perceptual (hemifield
neglect), sensory-perceptual (graphomotor impairment), and/or language (aphasia) indicator.
Dataset A corresponds to the activity while the subject attends to the left visual hemifield
and the target appears at the same location in the left visual hemifield
Ptosis may cause a variety of symptoms such as blurred vision, tearing/epiphora, or an impaired upper visual hemifield
, which often results in an abnormal head posture of the patient .
When a cluster of three or more points in a pattern deviation plot within a single hemifield
with a P value < 5% was observed, it was defined as an abnormal visual field.
Visual field loss was defined as glaucoma hemifield
test result outside the normal limits and three points abnormal at the 5% level in one hemifield
on the pattern deviation plot of a Humphrey Visual Field Analyzer.
The average superior hemifield
retinal sensitivity of visual field analysis is 24.04 [+ or -] 1.603 dB in mild glaucoma group, 19.53 [+ or -] 3.565 dB in moderate glaucoma group and 3.69 [+ or -] 4.424 dB in severe glaucoma group.