The number of species in the studied remnants ranged from 18 (F8) to 81 (F10), with the predominance of hemicryptophytes
, followed by epiphytes (Table 2).
Comprend notamment Ulex europeus (-3.08) une chamephyte, Asparagus albus (-2.56) une hemicryptophyte
, Scorpiurus muricatus (-2.77) une therophyte.
The Irano-Turanian region that has low rainfall and long dry season is characterized by the dominance of hemicryptophytes
and chamaephytes (Djamali et al., 2012).
x Vitaceae Cissus bahiensis Lombardi x Vochysiaceae Vochysia thyrsoidea Phol Undetermined Undetermined 1 Undetermined 2 Undetermined 3 Undetermined 4 Undetermined 5 Undetermined 6 x Undetermined 7 x Undetermined 8 x Undetermined 9 x Undetermined 10 x 117 LF = Life form; Ch: chamaephyte; H: hemicryptophyte
; Ph: phanerophyte; Th: therophyte; Cr: cryptophyte; Su: "suculenta"; Ep: epiphyte; OPI: open cerrado (site I); OPII (site II): open cerrado II; ROC: rocky outcrop cerrado; TC: typical cerrado; CCT: cerrado-caatinga transition; CAA: caatinga.
Proposed by Raunkiaer (1934), the system classifies plants according to forms used to protect their perennating buds during unfavorable seasons, and groups them into five main classes: therophytes, cryptophytes, hemicryptophytes
, chamaephytes and phanerophytes, according to their different resistance strategies to environmental conditions.
Les therophytes occupent les 45,1%, les chamephytes (26,8%), les hemicryptophytes
(19,7%), les geophytes et les phanerophytes (4,23%).
Functional Species groups Short name Number Features FGl non-tussock 21 Perennial plants; NTH hemicryptophytes
I (includes the species Hv); Height categories [greater than or equal to] H3 and [less than or equal to] H5; Flower traits varied; dispersion: mainly autochory.
(2005) Ph phanerophyte, Ch chamaephyte, He hemicryptophyte
, Cr cryptophyte, Th therophyte Fig.
2 amandiana Diplotaxis siifolia subsp.
With regard to ecological characteristics, the majority of the species had a hemicryptophyte
life-form, herbaceous habit and terricolous habitat (Table 1).
Festuca carpetana is an important element of the psycroxerophilous hemicryptophyte
grasslands developed on siliceous substrates throughout supra-mediterranean, submediterranean supratemperate and submediterranean orotemperate mountain areas in central and central-northeastern territories of the Iberian Peninsula (Guadarrama, Ayllon, Neila, Urbion and Demanda ranges), and framed within the alliances Minuartio-Festucion carpetanae (curvifoliae) [Minuartio-Festucion carpetanae Rivas-Martinez 1964 corr.
= November 2002 (early rainy season), Ph = phanerophyte, Ch = chamaephyte, H = hemicryptophyte
, Cr = cryptophyte and Th = therophytes.