hemiballism


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Related to hemiballism: athetosis, chorea, hemiballismus

hemiballismus

 [hem″e-bah-liz´mus]
violent motor restlessness of half of the body, most marked in the upper limbs.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

hem·i·bal·lis·mus

(hem'ē-bal-iz'mŭs),
Ballism involving one side of the body.
Synonym(s): hemiballism
[hemi- + G. ballismos, jumping about]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

hemiballism

Neurology A hyperkinetic movement disorder characterized by violent flailing movements of the arm and leg contralateral to a lesion–hemorrhage or infarction, or rarely tumor of the subthalamic nucleus; hemiballism follows recovery from a stroke-induced hemiparesis and hemisensory defect Clinical Motor Sx may have a rotatory component in the shoulder or hip, accompanied by choreiform movements–repeated flexion and extension of hands and feet; movements usually disappear during sleep Management Neuroleptics–eg, chlorpromazine, haloperidol, reserpine, antipsychotics, or other agents that interfere with dopamine transmission–eg, reserpine
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1994) Hemiballism with striatal hyperintensity on T1-weighed MRI in diabetic patients: a unique syndrome.
(1994) A comparison of the regularity of involuntary muscle contractions in vascular chorea with that in Huntington's chorea, hemiballism and parkinsonian tremor.
Lang, "Hemiballism: revisiting a classic disorder," The Lancet Neurology, vol.
Table 1: Summary of stereotactic surgery for diabetic hemichorea/ hemiballism. Study/year Number of Timing of patients Age/sex surgery Takamatsu et al.
Yamamoto et al., "Hemiballism with striatal hyperintensity on T1-weighted MRI in diabetic patients: a unique syndrome," Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol.
Hashimoto, "Hemiballism with hyperglycemia and striatal T1-MRI hyperintensity: an autopsy report," Movement Disorders, vol.