Prosthetic infections are usually listed according to the Widmer classification: early postoperative if they occur during the first 2-4 weeks after surgery; late chronic after the first month; hematogenous
after two years .
Because of high possibility of hematogenous
dissemination to visceral organs and frequent relapse, long courses of antimicrobial therapies are recommended for treatment of infections caused by Chromobacterium violaceum [1, 17] but we did not find any clinical or laboratory or radiological evidences of hematogenous
spread and visceral abscesses.
Pathologic examination of the removed thrombus revealed adenocarcinoma cells, suggestive of hematogenous
dissemination from the ovarian cancer.
Fernandez-Hidalgo et al., "Health care associated hematogenous
pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis: A severe and potentially preventable infectious disease," Medicine (United States), vol.
found that 28% of brain abscesses were a result of hematogenous
spread from distant sites such as the heart, lungs, or gastrointestinal tract .
Most patients have hematogenous
microscopic dissemination at presentation  and the most frequent metastatic stations are lungs followed by bones and brain .
Metastases from myoepithelial carcinoma are described and usually they are hematogenous
rather than lymphatic and they also appear to be restricted to cases of primary tumors with size greater than 2cm (5-9).
osteomyelitis of the calcaneus in children.
There are two potential modes of dissemination of a dental infection to the cervical spine: lymphatic or hematogenous
. When the presentation is insidious, the mode may be lymphatic spread, but when it is more acute, the mode is more likely via hematogenous
According to lead investigator Simone Albisinni of the Department of Urology, Institut Jules Bordet, Universit Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium, These findings raise important questions concerning the spread of malignant urothelial cells and a possible role of pneumoperitoneum and intermittent insufflations on tumoral hematogenous
migration during minimally invasive radical cystectomy.
As demonstrated in our case, there could be clinically evident latent or reactivated tubercular foci in the lymph nodes, mucosa, lungs, and joints that might serve as the primary or source point for hematogenous
spread resulting in LV.
Early infections are likely to result from intraoperative seeding, while late infections may arise from hematogenous
spread postoperatively .