hematemesis


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hematemesis

 [he″mah-tem´ĕ-sis]
the vomiting of blood. The appearance of the vomit depends on the amount and character of the gastric contents at the time blood is vomited and on the length of time the blood has been in the stomach. Gastric acids change bright red blood to a brownish color and the vomit is often described as “coffee-ground” in color. Bright red blood in the vomit indicates a fresh hemorrhage and little contact of the blood with gastric juices. The most common causes of hematemesis are peptic ulcer, gastritis, esophageal varices or lesions, and cancer of the stomach. Benign tumors, traumatic postoperative bleeding, and swallowed blood from points in the nose, mouth, and throat can also produce hematemesis.

he·ma·tem·e·sis

(hē'mă-tem'ĕ-sis, hem-ă-),
Vomiting of blood.
Synonym(s): vomitus cruentes
[hemat- + G. emesis, vomiting]

hematemesis

Spitting up blood Medtalk The passage of blood from the mouth, most often due to ruptured esophageal varices

he·ma·tem·e·sis

(hē'mă-tem'ĕ-sis)
Vomiting blood.
Synonym(s): haematemesis.
[hemat- + G. emesis, vomiting]

he·ma·tem·e·sis

(hē'mă-tem'ĕ-sis)
Vomiting of blood.
Synonym(s): haematemesis.
[hemat- + G. emesis, vomiting]

Patient discussion about hematemesis

Q. Why do alcoholics spew blood? I saw someone vomiting blood and my brother said it is because he’s an alcoholic but couldn’t explain why…

A. Alcohol affects many different things in the body. This sounds very serious and he probably needs immediate medical attention. When your body is trying to process something that is harming it at the same time, many things are going on and being destroyed.

More discussions about hematemesis
References in periodicals archive ?
of Patients Percentage Chest pain 40 65 Hematemesis 6 10 Vomiting 29 47 Dysphagia 59 95 Drooling of secretions 37 60 Abdominal pain 9 15 Table 6.
Hematemesis as an initial symptom of multiple myeloma has been reported in only one case report (7).
Hematemesis masiva secundaria a uncinariasis: presentacion de caso.
Thus, the clinicians should be academic in investigating the patients, especially when recognizing red flag findings related to gastrointestinal tract such as hematemesis and unexplained weight loss in this patient.
It was determined that the mid greater curvature site in the body of the stomach most likely represented the source of the hematemesis.
Abbreviations: DF, dengue fever; DHF, dengue hemorrhagic fever; DSS, dengue shock syndrome; (a) From t-test or chi-square test as corresponding; (b) Arithmetic mean (standard deviation); (c) Ascites, edema or pleural effusion; (d) Petechiae, ecchymosis, hematoma or positive tourniquet test; (e) Gingival bleeding, epistaxis, hematuria, abnormal vaginal bleeding, hematemesis or melena.
For our patient who was evaluated for abdominal pain, nausea, and hematemesis, intragastric mass in the abdominal CT and a history of trichophagia were alerting signs for gastric trichobezoar.
Dieulafoy's lesion mostly presents with massive, usually recurrent hemorrhage, which can take the form of hematemesis, melena, fresh bleeding per rectum, or hematochezia.
Other physical examinations, including fiber optic endoscopic work for dysphagia and hematemesis, revealed no evidence of trismus, cervical lymphadenopathy, or accompanying head and neck pathology.
A 70-year-old man with a history of colon cancer (locally advanced mucinous adenocarcinoma of the right colon, requiring right colectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy) presented one year after first surgery with recurrent hematemesis and melena, persistent nausea and vomiting, and weight loss.
There was no abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, hematemesis, melena, or weight loss, and the physical examination and standard laboratory tests were within normal limits.
She was admitted for further workup, and her course was complicated by hematemesis. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) showed stable ulcers with no need for cauterization.