The exclusion criteria were as follows: the presence of joint infections, any surgery on the knee joint in preceding 12 months, intra-articular corticosteroid or HA injection within the past 6 months, treatment with systemic steroids, history of rheumatoid arthritis, or gouty arthropathy, history of chicken or egg allergy, presence of neoplasm, acute hemarthrosis
, paresis, or recent trauma.
of the knee: indications for diagnostic arthroscopy.
Muscle Hematoma and Hemarthrosis
. Muscle hematomas or hemarthrosis
was reported by 4.6% (24/525), with spontaneous bleeding in 37.5% (9/24), which was higher in girls (6/10, 60%) than in boys (3/14, 21.4%, P = 0.092).
On the other hand, MRI is still superior in detailed visualization of soft tissue, including temporomandibular joint (TMJ) injuries, hemarthrosis
, paranasal sinuses, and traumatic aneurysm .
Hidrartrose is almost the rule, hemarthrosis
is also fairly common.
A 74-year-old male patient presented with gradual onset pain, hemarthrosis
, and functional impairment of the right shoulder without previous trauma history.
The intrinsic factors are intra-particular adhesions, osteo-phytes, cartilage defects, hemarthrosis
and hecatombs, causing muscle fibrosis [11, 12].
Our patient, however, consulted the emergency room on account of spontaneous hemarthrosis
, which is rarely observed in AHA, unlike standard congenital hemophilia.
(1), the authors investigated the incidence of various ligamentous injuries in knees presenting with hemarthrosis
. It was found that 16% of PLC injuries occur in combination with other ligamentous injuries.
Late recurrent hemarthrosis
following knee arthroplasty associated with epithelioid angiosarcoma of bone.
(2,10) Typically affecting young patients, synovial hemangioma can occur with or without a history of trauma and often presents as a painful knee with or without spontaneous hemarthrosis
. (11,12) Occasionally, patients will report chronic pain dating to their childhood.
(1,2,7-9) Acquired hemophilia A typically presents with multiple hemorrhagic complications, including ecchymoses or hematomas (94%), hematuria (30%), compressive neuropathy (24%), and hemarthrosis