(165) The Supreme Court of Illinois focused on the term of hebephilia used by the psychologists in In re New, i.e.
The Illinois Supreme Court in In re New looked only at hebephilia, but it noted that diagnoses not generally accepted in the community need more evidence that they gained general acceptance.
Hebephilia Is Not a Mental Disorder in DSM-IV-TR and Should Not Become One in DSM-5.
Hebephilia: Quintessence of Diagnostic Pretextuality.
 For instance, Ray Blanchard (2010) defines a paraphilia simply as something "abnormal" and argues for the insertion of "hebephilia" in the DSM-5.
For this reason they do not realize that their criticism against the inclusion of hebephilia in the DSM-5 should logically apply to all the other paraphilias as well: "The alleged diagnosis 'paraphilia not otherwise specified, hebephilia', arose, not out of psychiatry, but rather to meet a perceived need in the correctional system.
Yet behavioural scientists--like psychologist James Cantor who leads a team of sexual deviance researchers at Toronto's Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, for example--find virtually no linkage between homosexuality and hebephilia
, which results from abnormal development in the prenatal brain.
The First Circuit allowed a diagnosis to be used to commit a person that the defense expert concluded was not a generally accepted diagnosis in the mental health community, did not fit within the DSM definition of paraphilia, lacked diagnostic criteria and could not be consistently defined; that normal adults may find adolescents arousing; and that articles offered by the government to support a hebephilia
diagnosis were not legitimate peer-reviewed research.