In ED records, a case of heat illness was defined on the basis of ICD10-CA codes for conditions diagnosed as heatstroke, sunstroke, heat collapse, heat cramps
, heat exhaustion, heat fatigue, heat edema or other effects of heat and light (Table 1).
Heat stroke is medically categorised as a heat-related condition that deteriorates from heat cramps
to heat exhaustion and eventually heat stroke.
The heat wave may also be responsible for heat cramps
, which are painful, brief muscle cramps that happen during exercise or work in a hot environment, according to(http://www.
In Bahrain and the Gulf region in general the temperature may approach up to 50 degrees in the summer which can create complications like heat cramps
, exhaustion and sunstroke," said Health Ministry consultant family physician and public health nutritionist Dr Abeer Al Ghawi.
Usually caused by performing hard physical labour in hot environments, heat cramps
can be traced back to an electrolyte imbalance caused by perspiration.
Three common heat stress hazards are heat cramps
, heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
The number of cases of heat exhaustion, heat cramps
, heat syncope, prickly heat, sunburn, heatstroke and other summer season related infections including diarrhoea and dysentery might be on the rise in the days to come in the various areas of the country including the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
Unlike heat cramps
and heat exhaustion, two other forms of hyperthermia that are less severe, heat stroke is a true medical emergency that can be fatal if not properly and promptly treated," he added.
Likelihood also prevails that cases of heat cramps
, heat syncope, prickly heat, sunburn, heatstroke and other summer diseases like diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera, gastro, typhoid and hepatitis A&E may increase with rising temperature, she maintained.
occur as fluid and electrolytes are lost from the body in hot climates while exerting the muscles.
That means a greater susceptibility to heat cramps
, heat exhaustion and heat stroke (also called sunstroke), in order of increasing severity.
and heat exhaustion can be treated by moving the victim into shade and giving them some water; heat stroke is a medical emergency.