heat cramps


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heat cramps

muscle spasms induced by severe exertion in intense heat, accompanied by considerable pain; sometimes related to salt deficiency, hyperventilation, or overconsumpstion of alcoholic drinks.
Synonym(s): myalgia thermica

heat stress disease

Critical care A group of conditions due to overexposure to or overexertion in excess environmental temperatures
Heat stress-forms in increasing severity
Heat cramps Non-emergent and treated by salt replacement
Heat exhaustion More serious, treated with fluid and salt replacement
Heat stroke Most commonly affecting extremes of ages, especially the elderly, accompanied by convulsions, delusions, coma and treated by cooling the body and replacement of fluids and salts
Note: The body's reaction to heat is a function of controllable–use of anticholinergics, phenothiazines, alcohol, heavy exercise, clothing, obesity, direct exposure and acclimatization and uncontrollable factors–high ambient temperatures or humidity, lack of air circulation, underlying fever, old age or infancy, ectodermal dysplasia  

heat cramps

(hēt kramps)
Painful muscle spasms resulting from excessive water and electrolyte loss.
See: hyperthermia
See also: dehydration
References in periodicals archive ?
In ED records, a case of heat illness was defined on the basis of ICD10-CA codes for conditions diagnosed as heatstroke, sunstroke, heat collapse, heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat fatigue, heat edema or other effects of heat and light (Table 1).
Heat stroke is medically categorised as a heat-related condition that deteriorates from heat cramps to heat exhaustion and eventually heat stroke.
The heat wave may also be responsible for heat cramps, which are painful, brief muscle cramps that happen during exercise or work in a hot environment, according to(http://www.
In Bahrain and the Gulf region in general the temperature may approach up to 50 degrees in the summer which can create complications like heat cramps, exhaustion and sunstroke," said Health Ministry consultant family physician and public health nutritionist Dr Abeer Al Ghawi.
Usually caused by performing hard physical labour in hot environments, heat cramps can be traced back to an electrolyte imbalance caused by perspiration.
Three common heat stress hazards are heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
The number of cases of heat exhaustion, heat cramps, heat syncope, prickly heat, sunburn, heatstroke and other summer season related infections including diarrhoea and dysentery might be on the rise in the days to come in the various areas of the country including the twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
Unlike heat cramps and heat exhaustion, two other forms of hyperthermia that are less severe, heat stroke is a true medical emergency that can be fatal if not properly and promptly treated," he added.
Likelihood also prevails that cases of heat cramps, heat syncope, prickly heat, sunburn, heatstroke and other summer diseases like diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera, gastro, typhoid and hepatitis A&E may increase with rising temperature, she maintained.
That means a greater susceptibility to heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke (also called sunstroke), in order of increasing severity.
Heat cramps and heat exhaustion can be treated by moving the victim into shade and giving them some water; heat stroke is a medical emergency.