heart disease


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Related to heart disease: cardiovascular disease

heart dis·ease

cardiophobia.

heart disease

n.
A structural or functional abnormality of the heart, or of the blood vessels supplying the heart, that impairs its normal functioning.

heart disease

Cardiac disorder, cardiovascular disease Cardiology Any disease that affects the heart–eg, alcoholic cardiomyopathy, angina, arrhythmias, ASHD, cardiogenic shock, cardiomyopathies–dilated, hypertrophic, idiopathic, ischemic, peripartum, CHF, CAD, HTN, mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis, mitral valve prolapse, etc. See Atherosclerotic heart disease.

heart

the hollow muscular organ lying on the sternum that serves as a pump controlling the blood flow in two circuits, the pulmonary and the systemic. See also circulatory system.

artificial heart
a mechanical device that replaces the heart by using pulsating air to pump blood to the body. Successfully placed in calves, sheep and dogs as experimental models for the subsequent use of such methods in humans.
heart attack
see myocardial infarction.
heart bones
ossicles in the fibrous skeletal ring which surrounds the aortic orifice of the heart in cattle and occasionally in other species; called also ossa cordis.
heart conducting system
consists of the sinoatrial node, the atrioventricular node, the atrioventricular bundle and its two crura.
cyanotic heart malformations
insufficient oxygenated hemoglobin is received in the peripheral capillary beds resulting in blue discoloration of tissues, and an incapacity of the body to maintain a life-sustaining level of activity.
heart disease
an all-embracing term including those diseases in which there is intrinsic disease of the heart such as uremia, valvular disease, African horse sickness, vitamin E-selenium nutritional deficiency, inherited cardiomyopathies of dogs and cattle, altitude sickness, canine parvovirus infection, and in a number of plant and other poisonings. See also mulberry heart disease.
heart failure cells
hemosiderin-laden macrophages present in the pulmonary alveoli in cases of congestive heart failure.
heart malformations
includes ectopia cordis, patent foramen ovale, ventricular septal defects such as Fallot's tetralogy, Eisenmenger complex, patent ductus arteriosus, aortic coarctation, right aortic arch persistence, truncus arteriosus persistence, fibroelastosis, subvalvular aortic stenosis, anomalous origin of carotid arteries, transposition of great vessels, pulmonic stenosis, aortic stenosis.
heart massage
see cardiac massage.
heart meridian points
acupuncture points along the heart meridian.
heart rate
the number of contractions of the cardiac ventricles per unit of time. For normal rates see pulse rate.
heart score
a concept which sets out that performance in racing horses is related to heart size, now a well-established relationship, and that heart size can be estimated in the living horse by the measurement of the QRS interval.
heart sounds
see heart sounds, heart murmur.
heart strain
is an unpopular concept in any medical science but overtrained horses which perform poorly do have a high incidence of abnormal T waves.
heart valve anomalies
failure of complete development of atrioventricular or semilunar valves results in stenosis or incompetence of the valves and often congestive heart failure.
heart valve hematoma
congenital, usually multiple lesions on the edges of atrioventricular valves, mostly in calves; disappear spontaneously in most cases.
heart valve thrombosis
common lesion on the free edges of valves, often the source of widespread emboli; on healing leave scarred, insufficient valves.
heart valves
flaps of endothelial connective tissue that guard the entrance into and exit from the ventricles and bring about unidirectional blood flow. Include the atrioventricular and semilunar valves, the proper closure of which is essential to maintain circulatory equilibrium, can be diseased and cause heart failure. See also heart murmur, endocarditis, endocardiosis.

Patient discussion about heart disease

Q. heart disease? how to prevent from heart disease?

A. Eat well (less fat, more vegetables), exercise, don't smoke, don't drink too much, watch your body weight, and go for a check-uo from time to time.


These are good points to start with, and will keep you busy enough... You can read more here (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/heartdiseasesprevention.html)

Take care,

Q. what do i need to do if i suffer from heart disorder? do i need to change my diet? what is a heart disorder?

A. There are many types of heart disorders, and you need to be aware of exactly what you have. A change in diet- to a low-fat low cholesterol diet, combined with regular physical activity, is best for heart problems that involve atherosclerosis (occluded blood vessels that cause damage to the heart and can cause a heart attack). You have to see a doctor or a cardiologist for proper diagnosis and treatment, including diet plans.

Q. What are the Risks for Developing a Heart Disease? What are the major factors that might increase my risk for developing a heart disease?

A. There are many risk factors that are known nowadays for developing a heart disease. Among the major risk factors are: Being a male, being over 50 years of age, smoking, consuming alcohol, doing no physical activity, being obese, having hypertension (chronic high blood pressure), being diabetic and having a family history of heart disease (in first degree relatives). Also a high cholesterol diet is known to increase chance of atherosclerosis, a process that happens in the blood vessels and can cause heart attack.

More discussions about heart disease
References in periodicals archive ?
High cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure, stress, lack of exercise, family history of heart disease, and obesity are all connected and are high-risk factors contributing to heart disease.
Chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection as a risk factor for coronary heart disease in the Helsinki Heart Study.
Studies indicate that depression can appear after heart disease and/or heart disease surgery.
So far, no clinical trial has been done to show that lowering homocysteine levels alters the progression of heart disease, or prevents heart attacks or strokes.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of NIH, carries out research and provides educational information on heart disease, stroke, and other related topics.
Data indicates that some persons with cardiac problems may be predisposed to sexual dysfunction prior to evidence of heart disease.
The report provides estimates and forecasts of Coronary Heart Disease prevalence, Coronary Heart Disease diagnosis rate, and Coronary Heart Disease treatment rate for the period 2012-2019.
5 percent of those surveyed reported that a doctor or health care professional had told them they had one or more of the following - - heart attack, angina or coronary heart disease -- with 4 percent indicating they had a heart attack and 4.
The first-ever report documenting the burden of heart disease and stroke found that the differences in individual communities likely reflect such behaviors as smoking and physical inactivity, as well as socioeconomic disparities in access to health care and differences in work and living environments.
Among the 86,000 women in Harvard's Nurses' Health Study, those who ate at least five ounces of nuts a week were 35 percent less likely to be diagnosed with coronary heart disease than those who ate less than one ounce of nuts a month.
Doctors get so little time with patients these days that it's difficult for us to provide the kind of intensive education you need after a heart attack or heart disease diagnosis.