health screening


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia.

screening

 [skrēn´ing]
examination or testing of a group of individuals to separate those who are well from those who have an undiagnosed disease or defect or who are at high risk.
health screening in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as detecting health risks or problems by means of history, examination, and other procedures.
multiphasic screening (multiple screening) that in which various diagnostic procedures are employed during the same screening program.
prescriptive screening that performed for the early detection of disease or disease precursors in apparently well individuals so that health care can be provided early in the course of the disease or before the disease becomes manifest.
screening (omaha) in the omaha system, a target definition in the intervention scheme, denoting individual or group testing procedures, including measurements of vision, hearing, height, weight, development, scoliosis, blood pressure, and other qualities.

health screening1

a program designed to evaluate the health status and potential of an individual. In the process it may be found that a person has a particular disease or condition or is at greater-than-normal risk of its development. Health screening may include taking a personal and family health history and performing a physical examination, tests, laboratory tests, or radiological examination and may be followed by counseling, education, referral, or further testing.

health screening2

a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as detecting health risks or problems by means of history, examination, and other procedures. See also Nursing Interventions Classification.

health screen·ing

(helth skrēning)
Tests or examinations done to diagnose a condition before symptoms begin, including physical examinations, Papanicolaou smears, mammograms, colonoscopies, diabetes screening, blood pressure checks, cholesterol screening, osteoporosis screening, prostate cancer screening, among countless other modalities.

screening

(skren'ing)
1. Evaluation of patients for diseases such as cancer, heart disease, or substance abuse before these conditions become clinically obvious. Screening can play an important part in the early diagnosis and management of selected illnesses and in some instances may prolong lives. Synonym: screening test
2. In psychiatry, the initial examination to determine the mental status of a person and the appropriate initial therapy.

cancer screening

A program to detect cancer, esp. before it metastasizes and threatens life or health. Common screening tools include the use of colonoscopy (for cancers of the large intestine), mammography (to detect breast cancer), and the Pap test (for cancers of the uterine cervix).

cholesterol screening

Screening that measures cholesterol levels in asymptomatic people to identify those with high cholesterol (and therefore at risk for cardiovascular disease) so that therapy can be given to lower these levels. See: cholesterol for table

developmental screening

Testing preschool children to identify potential problems in growth, learning ability, or social and emotional development. The tests assess cognition, fine and gross motor skills, language use, behavior, and social interaction. Developmental screening is performed at routine well-child checkups and is used to identify conditions such as autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, developmental coordination disorder, disorders of stature, and mental retardation.

health screening

See: health risk appraisal

high-throughput screening

The testing of the biological or pharmacological properties of molecules by immersion in a large number of chemical baths or cellular systems. It is used, e.g., to determine whether any of a group of chemicals has specific therapeutic actions.

multiphasic screening

A battery of tests to determine the presence of one or more diseases.

newborn screening

The testing of infants in the first days of life for serious illnesses (e.g., congenital deafness, cystic fibrosis, hemoglobinopathies, hypothyroidism, and phenylketonuria).

prenatal screening

Testing of maternal serum, amniotic fluid, or chorionic villi to evaluate the developing fetus for congenital diseases such as Down syndrome or structural heart defects.

universal newborn hearing screening

Abbreviation: UNHS
A public health effort to identify infants born with impaired hearing at the earliest possible age, e.g., before 6 months). UNHS has been implemented to identify those infants whose hearing loss is more than 40 decibels below the mean, i.e., those infants with the greatest risk of impaired speech acquisition in childhood. Children with profound hearing loss are at risk for poor achievement in school and diminished success in work as adults.
References in periodicals archive ?
The types of occupational health screening options available selectively at the 16 medical fitness centres are:
Self-efficacy in overcoming barriers for preventive health screenings were measured by 3 items to determine how sure a participant was that he or she can "get preventive health screenings done even when it is costly", get preventive health screenings done even when it is inconvenient" and "get a preventive health screening done even when you feel healthy", on a scale of not at all sure (0), slightly sure (1), moderately sure (3),and completely sure (4), yielding a possible range of 0-12.
The local chapters are where the mission of the Assembly comes to life, through such activities as health screenings, mentorship programs, community collaborations, continuing education programs and much more
As part of the 1st Kenya Health Assistance and Education Project, we will provide free health screening to Kenyans, Bican said.
For organisations with a large numbers of employees based at one location, on-site health screening can often be the solution.
were among the hundreds of veterans who received benefits assistance from the DAV and got free health screenings offered by the Department of Veterans Affairs and other health organizations hosted by the Washington Redskins football team.
Emergency departments (EDs) could be excellent places for mental health screening and intervention during long wait times, Roisin O'Mara and her associates suggested in a poster presentation at the annual conference of the American Society of Suicidology.
Maine is also considering a bill that expands the health screening in schools to include oral health screening.
For many, exactly how to identify and provide early interventions remains unclear but the use of the TeenScreen mental health screening program is an excellent starting point.
The National Institute of Justice presents Mental Health Screens for Corrections, which reports on two projects aimed at creating and validating mental health screening instruments that corrections staff can use during intake.
Current mental health screening at corrections intake varies greatly--from one or two questions to a full-scale clinical analysis.
women who are not proficient in English may miss out on important health screening, according to findings from a multisite study of women making the transition to menopause.

Full browser ?