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examination or testing of a group of individuals to separate those who are well from those who have an undiagnosed disease or defect or who are at high risk.
health screening in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as detecting health risks or problems by means of history, examination, and other procedures.
multiphasic screening (multiple screening) that in which various diagnostic procedures are employed during the same screening program.
prescriptive screening that performed for the early detection of disease or disease precursors in apparently well individuals so that health care can be provided early in the course of the disease or before the disease becomes manifest.
a program designed to evaluate the health status and potential of an individual. In the process it may be found that a person has a particular disease or condition or is at greater-than-normal risk of its development. Health screening may include taking a personal and family health history and performing a physical examination, tests, laboratory tests, or radiological examination and may be followed by counseling, education, referral, or further testing.
a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as detecting health risks or problems by means of history, examination, and other procedures. See also Nursing Interventions Classification.
health screen·ing(helth skrēning)
Tests or examinations done to diagnose a condition before symptoms begin, including physical examinations, Papanicolaou smears, mammograms, colonoscopies, diabetes screening, blood pressure checks, cholesterol screening, osteoporosis screening, prostate cancer screening, among countless other modalities.
1. Evaluation of patients for diseases such as cancer, heart disease, or substance abuse before these conditions become clinically obvious. Screening can play an important part in the early diagnosis and management of selected illnesses and in some instances may prolong lives. Synonym: screening test
2. In psychiatry, the initial examination to determine the mental status of a person and the appropriate initial therapy.
A program to detect cancer, esp. before it metastasizes and threatens life or health. Common screening tools include the use of colonoscopy (for cancers of the large intestine), mammography (to detect breast cancer), and the Pap test (for cancers of the uterine cervix).
Screening that measures cholesterol levels in asymptomatic people to identify those with high cholesterol (and therefore at risk for cardiovascular disease) so that therapy can be given to lower these levels. See: cholesterol for table
Testing preschool children to identify potential problems in growth, learning ability, or social and emotional development. The tests assess cognition, fine and gross motor skills, language use, behavior, and social interaction. Developmental screening is performed at routine well-child checkups and is used to identify conditions such as autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, developmental coordination disorder, disorders of stature, and mental retardation.
health screeningSee: health risk appraisal
The testing of the biological or pharmacological properties of molecules by immersion in a large number of chemical baths or cellular systems. It is used, e.g., to determine whether any of a group of chemicals has specific therapeutic actions.
A battery of tests to determine the presence of one or more diseases.
The testing of infants in the first days of life for serious illnesses (e.g., congenital deafness, cystic fibrosis, hemoglobinopathies, hypothyroidism, and phenylketonuria).
Testing of maternal serum, amniotic fluid, or chorionic villi to evaluate the developing fetus for congenital diseases such as Down syndrome or structural heart defects.
universal newborn hearing screeningAbbreviation: UNHS
A public health effort to identify infants born with impaired hearing at the earliest possible age, e.g., before 6 months). UNHS has been implemented to identify those infants whose hearing loss is more than 40 decibels below the mean, i.e., those infants with the greatest risk of impaired speech acquisition in childhood. Children with profound hearing loss are at risk for poor achievement in school and diminished success in work as adults.