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The amount of pollen in the air varies with the season and geographic area. East of the Rocky Mountains, the peak of the regional hay fever season occurs between mid-August and mid-September, when the air is heavy with the pollen of the ragweed plant. An appreciable number of hay fever sufferers are also reactive to the spring pollens from grasses and trees. Mold-bearing plants such as wheat, barley, and corn are prevalent in the agricultural areas of the Midwest, and attacks of hay fever caused by mold spores are common there as these crops ripen.
Hay fever should be recognized as more than a mere nuisance. By causing lack of sleep and loss of appetite, it can lower the body's resistance to disease. It can cause inflammation of the ears, sinuses, throat, and bronchi. Some hay fever sufferers develop asthma.
Hay fever can be relieved, although not cured, by antihistamines and sympathomimetic drugs such as ephedrine and phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride. loratadine and desloratadine are newer antihistamines that do not cause the drowsiness, mental dullness, and sleepiness that were traditionally associated with antihistamines. cromolyn is also an effective therapy, supplied in an inhaler that produces a spray of droplets to settle on the nasal mucosa and relieve symptoms of hay fever. A series of preventive injections (desensitization or hyposensitization) may be recommended in advance of the hay fever season. This consists of administering controlled and gradually increasing amounts of the offending substance in order to develop a certain amount of immunity. Air conditioning may help give relief by filtering much of the pollen from the air.
allergic rhinitisAn inflammatory response in the nasal passages to allergens, which is the most common form of atopic-allergic disease, affecting 5–20% of the general population. Allergic rhinitis is initiated by exposure of the nasal mucosa to airborne antigens, evoking IgE production; upon repeated re-exposure to the allergen (e.g., ragweed pollen), histamine, leukotrienes C4, D4, E4, B4, PGD2, kinins, kininogen and serotonin are released.
Allergic rhinitis is the most widely used of a plethora of terms referring to the effect of allergens on the upper respiratory tract, in particular the nasopharynx. It is often related to environmental antigens—most commonly pollen—thus being known as seasonal allergic rhinitis (colloquially known as hay fever), and less often to “constant” allergens, in which case it is designated perennial allergic rhinitis.
Paroxysms of sneezing, nasal congestion, nasal and ocular pruritus, tearing, rhinorrhoea, anosmia, ageusia, postnasal drip (which may cause coughing), partial or total obstruction of airflow, throat clearing, and allergic periorbital hematomas (black eyes).
Skin testing with appropriate inhalant allergens is of greater use than measuring serum IgE.
Avoid allergens; antihistamines (especially H1-receptor antagonists); sympathomimetic amines; anticholinergics; corticosteroids; decongestants; cromolyn sodium; immunotherapy.
Unclear; possibly a hypersensitivity response to allergens in pollen, dander, mites, insects, mould spores, foods; most patients have circulating IgE antibodies that bind to high-affinity receptors on mast cells and basophils, and to low-affinity receptors on other cells, evoking release of inflammatory mediators.
hay feverA popular term for a seasonal allergic rhinitis caused by pollen and characterized by itching and tearing of eyes, swelling of nasal mucosa, attacks of sneezing, often asthma. See Allergic rhinitis.
hay fe·ver(hā fē'vĕr)
hay feverA term remarkable for its imprecision, the condition being neither a fever nor caused by hay. See ALLERGIC RHINITIS.
hay feveran allergic reaction to atmospheric dust and pollen. Hay fever causes watery eyes, sneezing, etc., due to inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes and nose.
Bostock,John, English physician, 1773-1846.
hay fe·ver(hā fē'vĕr)
Patient discussion about hay fever
Q. I have chronic hayfever problems in the mornings for the first hour.Seems to be a correlation with dairy produ I also got asthma 8 years ago at age 69, after having 2 pet cats. It is controlled with 2 puffs of Symbicord daily, am & pm. Anyone managed a complete cure?
Q. Regarding Seasonal Nasal allergy. My father is suffering from seasonal nasal allergies. He took a 24-hour loratadine pill, 5 hours ago. His nose is still running just like it was. Can I take a benedryl, or is it dangerous to mix loratadine and benedryl? What else can I do to stop my nose?
Q. is seasonal allergies are treatable?