Proteomic approaches have been fruitful for identifying Blumeria virulence factors such as the "RNAse-like proteins in haustoria
"- (RALPH) effectors (Bindschedler et al, 2009, 2011a, Spanu et al, 2010, Pedersen et al, 2012, Pliego et al, 2013, Pennington et al, 2016).
Key Words: bean root aphid; branched broomrape; holoparasitic plant; haustoria
factor significantly as compared to the corresponding control.
Bacterial isolates in combination with carboydrates (used as substrate) increased the efficacy of microorganisms in reducing germination and haustoria
Tissue compatibility and the haustoria
of parasitic angiosperms.
Familiar taxa + * Bacteria, antibiotic resistance traits for use * Cactus, spine in each item * Cheetah, speed * Elm, winged seed * Fish, fins * Fly, wing * Grape, tendrils * Lily, petals * Locust, DDT resistance * Mouse, claws * Oak, nut * Opossum, tail * Penguin, flightless * Rose, thorns * Salamander, eyesight * Snail, foot * Snail, poison * Snail, teeth Unfamiliar * Dodder, haustoria
and unknown * Labiatae, Pulegone taxa + traits * Prosimian, tarsi for use in each * Shrew, incisors item * Suricata, pollex References
DMBQ and root macerate applied to Striga germlings resulting from seeds previously conditioned in water and treated with GR24 induced 49 and 40% haustoria
, respectively (Table 10).
When dodder seeds germinate in spring, thin, yellowish stems twine around whatever plants they touch, extracting water and nutrients from them through rootlike haustoria
To determine the maximum haustorial initiation distance (MHD), the radicles of germinated striga were examined for the presence of hair-like projections characteristic of haustoria
. Ignoring the basal 2 cm of sorghum root, distances from haustoria
to the sorghum root were measured to the nearest 0.5 mm.
Indeed, in many cases, the mycobiont extends tiny tubes called haustoria
deep into the photobiont cells, to obtain a continual sugar supply.
were frequently seen penetrating cells from the intercellular hyphae.
Fruit loculicidal to septicidal capsules, berries, drupes (with 1 or several pits), or occasionally dry and indehiscent; seeds small, testa usually single layered, with cells isodiametric to strongly elongated, sometimes winged or tailed, sometimes mucilaginous on wetting; embryo fusiform or spatulate, white or less commonly green, with 2 cotyledons, to extremely reduced and undifferentiated; endosperm cellular, well developed, with haustoria
at both ends; germination epigeal.