haulms


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haulms

dead, dry aerial parts of plants after their seed, e.g. beans, or tubers, e.g. potatoes, have been harvested.
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Durga Prasad RD, Prasad DA and RR Reddy Evaluation of complete rations containing groundnut haulms for lambs.
The crop residues produced include straws from barley, finger millet, pearl millet, sorghum, wheat and rice, stover from maize, forage from chick pea and pigeon pea, haulms and meal from groundnuts.
If planning to store healthy potatoes, leave them in the ground for a couple of weeks after the haulms have been removed to allow the skins to harden.
Continue to lift potatoes this month and next when the haulms start to yellow, as there will be no further growth in the tubers.
Larger scale earthing up will not be necessary until the haulms (stems) are about 6-9in tall.
Always, as a matter of course, burn affected haulms and tubers otherwise they remain in the ground as the source of next year's infection Removing all blighted leaves will reduce the spread of the disease, but the best insurance if there is a whiff of blight about, or there are two days when the temperature does not fall below 10C and relative humidity stays above 75%, is to spray with Bordeaux mixture, or an approved proprietary brand early in July and thereafter fortnightly until the middle of September.
Most cereal straws and stovers have lower nutritive values than the haulms from grain legumes or vines from root crops.
Potatoes required for storage are left in the ground for a couple of weeks after the haulms have been removed so that the skins can harden.
However, the quick grower must not be allowed to out-compete the slow grower, and with a sprawling crop such as potatoes intercropping will be less satisfactory as the haulms may smother the intercrop.
No matter how you intend doing this, all tubers for storage should be left in the ground for a couple of weeks after the haulms have been removed to allow the skins to harden.
At the first sign of disease, cut the haulms to ground level and burn, lifting the tubers two weeks later.