hantavirus pulmonary syndrome


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Related to hantavirus pulmonary syndrome: leptospirosis

hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

a febrile disease caused by several species of Hantavirus (Andes, Bayou, Black Creek Canal, New York, and Sin Nombre viruses) in North and South America and characterized by thrombocytopenia, leukocytosis, and capillary leakage in the lungs, with death due to shock and cardiac complications.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
An often fatal respiratory tract infection with massive acute pulmonary edema often at death caused by a hantavirus; the first cluster occurred in the Four Corners region of Southwestern US
Epidemiology Mean age 32, 61% women, 72% Native American
Case definition Unexplained bilateral interstitial infiltrates on chest films, arterial O2 saturation < 90%
Prodrome Fever, myalgia (100%), cough or shortness of breath (75%), GI symptoms, headache, tachycardia, tachypnea, hypotension
Lab Leukocytosis—± 26 x 109/L—often with myeloid precursors, increased haematocrit, thrombocytopaenia of ±64 x 109/L, increased PT, increased aPTT, increased LD, decreased serum protein, proteinuria
Prevention Vaccine is being developed
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

An often fatal RTI caused by a hantavirus; the first cluster occurred in the Four Corners region of Southwestern US Epidemiology Mean age 32, 61% ♀, 72% Native American Case definition Unexplained bilateral interstitial infiltrates on chest film, arterial O2 saturation < 90% Prodrome Fever, myalgia-100%, cough or SOB-76%, GI Sx, headache, tachycardia, tachypnea, hypotension Lab Leukocytosis–± 26 x 109/L, often with myeloid precursors, ↑ Hct, thrombocytopenia of ±64 x 109/L, ↑ PT, ↑ aPTT, ↑ LD, ↓ serum protein, proteinuria Diagnosis Immunohistochemistry, Western blot, ELISA, IgM capture ELISA; massive acute pulmonary edema is common at death
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Han·ta·vi·rus pul·mo·na·ry syn·drome

(hahn'tă-vī'rŭs pul'mŏ-nar-ē sin'drōm)
A febrile disease caused by several species of Hantavirus (Andes, Bayou, Black Creek Canal, New York, and Sin Nombre viruses) in North and South America and characterized by thrombocytopenia, leukocytosis, and capillary leakage in the lungs, with death due to shock and cardiac complications.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

Acute respiratory illness featuring a brief period of fever, muscle pains, headache, nausea and cough followed by severe shock and pulmonary oedema simulating the acute adult RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME (ARDS). The mortality without specific treatment is 50–75 per cent but the drug ribavirin is effective. The disease is caused by a strain of hanta virus and was originally though to be acquired only from rodents. Human case-to-case infection has now been demonstrated.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(5.) Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in visitors to a National Park-Yosemite Valley, California, 2012.
"Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome Associated With Monongahela Virus, Pennsylvania." Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Viral load of patients with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Argentina.
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome tends to be of shorter duration and shows disproportionately more pulmonary edema than AIP.
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome associated with entering or cleaning rarely used, rodent-infested structures.
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (Rio Mamore virus) in the Peruvian Amazon region [in Spanish].
This recognition of New World hantaviruses, coupled with a better understanding of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, has resulted in critical improvements in the rapid recognition and clinical management of the disease and better understanding of the natural reservoir (rodents) and mode of transmission, all of which have greatly improved the ability to implement control and prevention measures, with emphasis on the critical role of individual communities.
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in central Bolivia: relationships between reservoir hosts, habitats, and viral genotypes.
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a reportable infectious disease with a high case-fatality rate, transmitted to humans by exposure to rodents.
The subsequent discovery of a new disease, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) (1), its etiologic agent, Sin Nombre virus (SNV) (2), and its rodent reservoir, the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) (3), were among the most prominent findings in a flood of new revelations about hantaviruses in the Americas.