hantavirus disease

hantavirus disease

A disease caused by viruses of the Hantavirus genus. In Britain it can affect farm, nature conservancy and sewage workers and those engaged in water sports. Many cases are mild and inapparent but severe cases feature high fever, headache, shock, nausea and vomiting and small blood spots (PETECHIAE) in the skin. The eyes are red and the face, neck and shoulders flushed. Blood pressure drops and kidney failure may occur. In 10% of severe cases there is significant bleeding. The virus is carried by rats, field mice and bank voles and probably passed to humans by inhaling dried animal secretions.
References in periodicals archive ?
Annual US hantavirus disease and HPS case fatality, 1993-2016 [cited 2018 Nov 30].
Skinner, "Rat-transmitted Hantavirus disease in Sarajevo," The Lancet, vol.
Similarly, a positive relationship has been reported for tree seed production, milder climate, and hantavirus disease incidence in Europe (Clement et al.
Predicting the emergence of human hantavirus disease using a combination of viral dynamics and rodent demographic patterns.
Recent reports from several Western countries, including the United States, have described an ill-known hantavirus disease, commonly called hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), induced by Seoul orthohantavirus (SEOV) and spread by infected wild, laboratory, and pet rats.
In addition, nine diseases were proposed for addition to the list during 1995: genital Chlamydia trachomatis infections, coccidioidomycosis (for regional surveillance), cryptosporidiosis, hantavirus disease, (postdiarrheal) hemolytic uremic syndrome, pediatric infection with human immunodeficiency virus, invasive group A streptococcal infections, streptococcal toxic-shock syndrome, and drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae invasive disease.
We report on a case of molecularly proven hantavirus disease caused by SEOV infection in a patient in Germany who probably acquired the infection in Indonesia.
During 2008-2016, samples from 151 patients having symptoms consistent with hantavirus disease were received for diagnosis at the Institut Pasteur de la Guyane, Cayenne, French Guiana.
Serological evidence of hantavirus disease in Northern Ireland.
Cases of acute hantavirus disease continue to be confirmed in the United States.
Puumala virus (PUUV) causes most hantavirus disease cases in Central and Western Europe and is the only human pathogenic hantavirus in Fennoscandia (1).
A high population density of bank voles can lead to disease clusters and possible outbreaks of nephropathia epidemica, a mild-to-moderate form of hantavirus disease (3).