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unpleasant symptoms that occur 4 to 6 hours after excessive ingestion of alcohol; see alcoholism.


a popular term for a group of disagreeable physical effects, including nausea, thirst, fatigue, headache, and irritability, resulting from the heavy consumption of alcohol and/or certain drugs.
A popular term for the unpleasant consequences affecting 75% of those who drink alcohol to excess, resulting in headaches, nausea, vomiting, thirst, dry mouth, tremors, dizziness, fatigue and muscle cramps, fuzzy cognition, poor visual-spatial coordination and pain with loud noises; in the extreme case, hallucinations, shaking and sweating, the latter of which can have features of alcohol withdrawal Management
Prevention—drink slower, eat, especially sugars, drink fluids


The unpleasant psychological and physiologic effects after heavy consumption of drugs or alcoholic beverages, including nausea, headache, sensitivity to light and noise, lethargy, dysphoria, and thirst.


The state of general distress experienced on the morning after an evening of alcoholic over-indulgence. The symptoms include headache, depression, remorse, shakiness, nausea and VERTIGO. With the possible exception of stomach irritation, these are not caused by alcohol, most of which has already been metabolized. The breakdown products, such as acetaldehyde, and some of the other constituents (congeners) of alcoholic drinks are, however, toxic. Other factors such as smoking, dehydration, overeating, the recollection of indiscretion and the loss of sleep may contribute.

Patient discussion about hangover

Q. What is the cause of hangovers? And why mixing drinks also contribute to that effect?

A. Hangovers are multi-causal. Ethanol has a dehydrating effect by causing increased urine production (such substances are known as diuretics), which causes headaches, dry mouth, and lethargy. Dehydration causes the brain to shrink away from the skull slightly. Alcohol's effect on the stomach lining can account for nausea. Because of the increased NADH production during metabolism of ethanol, excess of that substance causes hypoglycemia. In addition, it is thought that the presence of other alcohols (such as fusel oils), by-products of the alcoholic fermentation also called congeners, exaggerate many of the symptoms (congeners may also be zinc or other metals added primarily to sweet liqueurs to enhance their flavor).

Q. What can be done to reduce the effects of a hangover? Dear friends, I often face a hangover which is out of my control. What can be done to reduce the effects of a hangover? I heard that drinking water before going to bed will help.

A. I once wrote an article about hang-over therapy, maybe you can read it here :

The safest and most natural way to get over it is just wait until the symptoms fade away. But if you feel a heavy headache, some papers will recommend you to take aspirins (this will reduce the pain), and if you feel discomfort in your stomach, it is most likely because alcohol is irritative for your stomach surface, so grabbing some food will help.

Q. Tips for drinking without getting hangover anyone..? How can I avoid hangover? Or vomiting? Or all those unpleasant side effects that a really good party have…

A. the easyest way to avoid a hangover is to not drink,so much,..just because you are at a party..doesnt mean you have to get sick on alcohol...there is no sure way of not getting a hangover...MRFOOT56

More discussions about hangover
References in periodicals archive ?
Adam Rogers, science journalist and author of Proof: The Science of Booze, argues that methanol toxicity could also contribute to a hangover.
Most of what we feel in a hangover is dehydration and it's this what can make us feel unwell and feel boiling the next day," Dr Braybrook said.
Hangovers get worse as you get older TRUE - When we drink, our livers produce the enzyme dehydrogenase, which breaks down alcohol into a harmless chemical so that less of it enters the bloodstream.
It won't cure your hangover, but will help to reduce the dehydration.
The survey said the average hangover cost for a Brit is a staggering PS2,092 a year.
The theory behind the treatment is that a mix of hydration and certain vitamins will cure hangover symptoms.
We urge everyone to drink responsibly but are realists to the fact that hangovers do occur from time to time.
In fairness, that describes people's reaction to me whenever I tell them anything, but they are genuinely quite jealous of my immunity to hangovers.
There is now another alternative for expelling those hangover symptoms without damaging your liver.
Recognizing the use of Dihydromyricetin as an effective means for treating the negative effects of alcohol consumption, Powell soon began talking to Professor Wang about the idea of combining Dihydromyricetin with other naturally-occurring compounds known to reduce hangovers/long-term negative effects of alcohol usage and then marketing it as a hangover cure.
Hassler walks the reader through a three-part strategy designed to explore and understand the various kinds of expectation hangovers, to demonstrate a treatment plan that operates in holistic fashion, and to offer techniques for preventing expectation hangovers from occurring in the future.
Hangover is the second song of the film that will be released after Jumme Ki Rt, which too is fast gaining popularity.