hamular


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ham·u·lar

(ham'yū-lăr),
Hook-shaped; unciform.
[L. hamulus, q.v.]

ham·u·lar

(ham'yū-lăr)
Hook-shaped; unciform.
[L. hamulus, q.v.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Hamular bursitis can trigger referred craniofacial pain, which may mimic a cluster of symptoms as seen in temporomandibular disorders, impacted teeth, trigeminal and glossopharyngeal neuralgia, stylohyoid ligament calcification, stylomandibular ligament inflammation, tumors, and otitis media [12].
A possible diagnosis of hamular bursitis should be considered, while diagnosis of chronic orofacial pain as the management for bursitis is quite inimitable.
Gores, "Pain due to long hamular process in the edentulous patient.
Caption: Figure 1: Prominent hamular process with a knife-edge bony projection on the left side.
Caption: Figure 7: Resected hamular process resembling an arrowhead.
The prime role of this bursa is to diminish the friction over the hamular process by the tendon of tensor veli palatini muscle during its func- tion as bursa walls are separated by a capillary film of synovial fluid, which acts as a lubricant.3,5 Damage of this structure produces inflammation and can cause local or referred pain during the soft palate function.6,7
Hamular bursitis (HB) can cause referred craniofacial pain, which may be disguised as temporomandibular disorders, impacted teeth, trigeminal and glossopha- ryngeal neuralgia, stylohyoid ligament calcification, stylomandibular ligament inflammation, tumors and otitis media.7 HB is a rare disease, and only few cases have been reported till date.
The lower end of the posterior border of the medial plate appears to be con- tinued as a slender, curved or hook-like process termed as pterygoid hamulus (hamular process, pterygoideus hamulus, pterygoid hooklet).7
The traumatic injury is very common in the hamular bursitis patients.
There are several signs and symptoms of bursitis of the hamular process.
Sharp localised pain in the hamular region and elongated hamuli will be evident as a firm swelling or enlargement under the mucosa of the soft palate on palpation
Bursitis pain is varied: earache, otic fullness, dys- phagia, odynophagia, gustative hyperesthesia, hamular and soft palate pain, sore throat, jaw pain, toothache, burning and pricking dysaesthesias, retroorbital pain, headaches and hypoesthesia.6 These patients often report hearing disorders such as clicking or elevated noise sensitivity and dysfunction of muscles.15 Virtu- ally everyone suffering from this bursitis will report a history of seeing numerous physicians to discover the cause of their symptoms.7