hammer toe

(redirected from hammer toes)
Also found in: Dictionary.

toe

 [to]
a digit of the foot.
claw toe a toe deformity seen in many patients with rheumatoid arthritis, consisting of dorsal subluxation of toes 2 through 5; the metatarsal heads bear weight and become painful during walking so that the patient has a shuffling gait.
hammer toe deformity of a toe in which the proximal phalanx is extended and the second and distal phalanges are flexed, causing a clawlike appearance; it most often affects the second toe.
Hammer toe of the second metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. From Ignatavicius and Workman, 2000.
Morton's toe Morton's neuralgia.
pigeon toe a permanent toeing-in position of the feet; severe cases are considered a form of clubfoot (talipes).
webbed t's syndactyly of the toes abnormally joined by strands of tissue at their base.

ham·mer toe

permanent flexion deformity of a toe at an interphalangeal joint.

hammer toe

Hallux valgus Podiatry A flexion deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint–PIP of lesser toes, due to an imbalance of the intrinsic foot muscles; HT may occur when longer toes are pressed back into line with other toes most commonly from tight shoes, affecting 2nd to 4th; curling can cause a painful corn on dorsum of PIP or tenderness on plantar aspect of affected toe Conservative management Make deeper toe box, slitting shoe over affected toe, strapping toe into extension, or manipulating the toe to maintain mobility Surgical treatment Keller arthroplasty to remove exostosis, proximal phalangectomy

ham·mer toe

(ham'ĕr tō)
Permanent flexion at the midphalangeal joint of one or more of the toes.

hammer toe

A toe permanently bent so that the outer bone points downward like the head of a hammer. The condition is caused by excessive tightness of the tendon that bends the toe (flexor tendon) and is often treated by cutting tight tendons and fusing the two toe bones together (ARTHRODESIS).
References in periodicals archive ?
It is a progressive illness causing muscle weakness and wasting in the lower legs and hands, leading to problems like hammer toes, restricted mobility, and uncontrollable pain.
Hammer toes may be aggravated by shoes that do not fit properly and may result if a toe is too long and is forced into a cramped position when a tight shoe is worn.
That's especially true if you have already started to develop bunions or hammer toes.
QI HAVE hammer toes on both feet and get pain on the sole below the toes.
Suitable for both left and right shoes, this beautifully grained, hardwood Shoe Stretcher features special attachments that position to custom stretch the shoe upper at specific pressure points for relief from bunions, hammer toes or corns.
"With an adult, [high] heels that don't fit properly can lead to hammer toes or bunions, but an adult's growth plate is closed.
A long-term follow-up on proximal phalangectomy for hammer toes. Clin Orthop.
I think it might be hammer toes. What do you think?
"The examiners could be very selective and were turning blokes away for flat feet, hammer toes or defective teeth," said Bob.
How likely is it that a patient will have an isolated neuropathy (abnormal monofilament test) without associated abnormalities on inspection such as hammer toes, hallux valgus, intrinsic minus foot, abnormal sweating, onychomycosis, or cracking?