hammer toe


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Related to hammer toe: bunion, Mallet toe

toe

 [to]
a digit of the foot.
claw toe a toe deformity seen in many patients with rheumatoid arthritis, consisting of dorsal subluxation of toes 2 through 5; the metatarsal heads bear weight and become painful during walking so that the patient has a shuffling gait.
hammer toe deformity of a toe in which the proximal phalanx is extended and the second and distal phalanges are flexed, causing a clawlike appearance; it most often affects the second toe.
Hammer toe of the second metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. From Ignatavicius and Workman, 2000.
Morton's toe Morton's neuralgia.
pigeon toe a permanent toeing-in position of the feet; severe cases are considered a form of clubfoot (talipes).
webbed t's syndactyly of the toes abnormally joined by strands of tissue at their base.

ham·mer toe

permanent flexion deformity of a toe at an interphalangeal joint.

hammer toe

Hallux valgus Podiatry A flexion deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint–PIP of lesser toes, due to an imbalance of the intrinsic foot muscles; HT may occur when longer toes are pressed back into line with other toes most commonly from tight shoes, affecting 2nd to 4th; curling can cause a painful corn on dorsum of PIP or tenderness on plantar aspect of affected toe Conservative management Make deeper toe box, slitting shoe over affected toe, strapping toe into extension, or manipulating the toe to maintain mobility Surgical treatment Keller arthroplasty to remove exostosis, proximal phalangectomy

ham·mer toe

(ham'ĕr tō)
Permanent flexion at the midphalangeal joint of one or more of the toes.

hammer toe

A toe permanently bent so that the outer bone points downward like the head of a hammer. The condition is caused by excessive tightness of the tendon that bends the toe (flexor tendon) and is often treated by cutting tight tendons and fusing the two toe bones together (ARTHRODESIS).
References in periodicals archive ?
The prevalence of claw and hammer toe deformities is in the range of 2-20%, gradually increasing with advancing age.
Hammer toes are bent at the joint close to the ball of the foot causing the toes to curl down and the top of the toe to be raised above the surface of the foot.
It is a progressive illness causing muscle weakness and wasting in the lower legs and hands, leading to problems like hammer toes, restricted mobility, and uncontrollable pain.
Children's feet don't grow uniformly so regular checks are needed to prevent many painful problems such as bunions, hammer toes and painful nails.
Rosenblatt has decades of experience in all foot and ankle problems, specializing in non invasive correction of bunions and hammer toes.
Jammed against a tight toe box, the other four toes can develop a condition called hammer toes, a shortening of the first joint that causes each toe to curl up instead of lying flat -- even when you're barefoot.
Foot examination findings revealed high arched foot hammer toes sausage deformity and fibular deviation of toes.
QI HAVE hammer toes on both feet and get pain on the sole below the toes.
Suitable for both left and right shoes, this beautifully grained, hardwood Shoe Stretcher features special attachments that position to custom stretch the shoe upper at specific pressure points for relief from bunions, hammer toes or corns.