(49%), enlargement of Oral candidiasis and the parotid glands hairy leukoplakia
were (13%), oral positive predictors candidiasis (11%), for progression of the hairy leukoplakia
The most common oral mucosa lesions that can be found after thorough oral examination of renal transplant recipients are gingival hyperplasia, oral candidiasis, hairy leukoplakia
and saburral tongue (39).
These oral lesions are strongly associated to low CD4+ count and high viral load.2 Antiretroviral therapy is given to HIV/AIDS patients that usually consists of two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI) alongwith non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) or protease inhibitor (PI).3 Antiretroviral therapy reduces the viral load by inhibiting the viral replication and results in the reconstitution of the immune system alongwith the increase in CD4+ lymphocyte count.4 Frequency of oral lesions has been reported to be decreased after antiretroviral therapy (ART) especially in case of oral candidiasis, oral hairy leukoplakia
, necrotizing periodontal conditions and various AIDS related malignancies like Kaposi sarcoma.5
Happonen, "Oral hairy leukoplakia
is not a specific sign of HIV-infection but related to immunosuppression in general," Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine, vol.
Oral hairy leukoplakia
is most often seen in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients and in patients with other immunosuppressive conditions.
Other lesions observed were Kaposi's sarcoma, Multifocal Epithelial Hyperplasia, Oral Hairy Leukoplakia
, Linear Gingival Erythema, and oral ulceration (Figure 1).
(4) Specifically, in the oral environment the lesions associated with HIV infection include candidiasis, herpes simplex, oral hairy leukoplakia
(OHL), cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, varicella-zoster virus infection, papilloma virus infection, linear gingival erythema (LGE), gingivitis and necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis, Kaposi's sarcoma, and aphthous ulcers, which are acknowledged as important markers of AIDS clinical stages.
He was clinically anaemic with no signs of oral hairy leukoplakia
About a third of the patients in the general medical ward had oral candidiasis and oral hairy leukoplakia
, but they had not been tested for HIV The hospital had a laboratory that performed CD4 counts for all the CTCs in the Mtwara region, with couriers bringing blood daily for testing.
Oral lesions are frequent in HIV infection, especially candidiasis, oral hairy leukoplakia
, Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and periodontal disease.
Regression of oral hairy leukoplakia
after orally administered acyclovir therapy.