DiffDx Periostitis of long bones in congenital syphilis—syphilitic periostitis of tibia—giving rise to sabre shins, congenital haemolytic anaemias—pyruvate kinase deficiency—hereditary elliptocytosis and spherocytosis, sickle cell anaemia, metastatic neuroblastoma, iron-deficiency anaemia, cyanotic—right-to-left shunt— congenital heart disease, osteomyelitis, polycythaemia vera, thyroid acropachy, haemangiomas
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
hair-on-end appearanceCrewcut appearance Imaging A radiologic pattern seen as calcified spicules perpendicular to bone surface, corresponding to a periosteal reaction to disturbed bone repair with neoosteogenesis of the outer cranial table, marked calvarial thickening, external displacement and thinning of the inner table; classically seen in children/adolescents with thalassemia DiffDx Periostitis of long bones in congenital syphilis–syphilitic periosteitis of tibia, giving rise to Saber shins, see there, congenital hemolytic anemias–pyruvate kinase deficiency, hereditary elliptocytosis and spherocytosis, sickle cell anemia, metastatic neuroblastoma, iron-deficiency anemia, cyanotic–right-to-left shunt congenital heart disease, osteomyelitis, polycythemia vera, thyroid acropachy, hemangiomas.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.