haemodilution


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haemodilution

he·mo·di·lu·tion

(hē'mō-di-lū'shŭn)
Increase in the volume of plasma in relation to red blood cells; reduced concentration of red blood cells in the circulation.
Synonym(s): haemodilution.
References in periodicals archive ?
22] Other known causes of anaemia in HF include iron deficiency, renal insufficiency, haemodilution due to activation of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone and vasopressin systems, infections such as HIV, and drugs that interfere with the synthesis of endogenous erythropoietin, e.
Transient decrease in PC is common after cardiac surgery due to haemodilution, mechanical disruption, sequestration in the lungs, platelet consumption in the wounds and contact of blood with extra corporeal circuit leading to platelet activation and adhesion.
Mini-CPB bypass was developed in adult heart surgery in an attempt to reduce contact activation, air fluid interface, and cell damage by cardiotomy suction and haemodilution.
Secondly, all patients had suffered multiple injuries and had typically received transfusion of fluids not containing Mg, causing haemodilution, and would typically have high serum catecholamine levels, which have been shown to cause Mg shift to the intracellular space.
In addition, haemodilution in the later stages of gestation and the way it modulates blood folate should be taken into consideration [1, 2, 7].
Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy is caused due to accelerated platelet consumption or haemodilution, anti platelet antibodies but neither their presence nor absence can be used to diagnose the disorder or differentiate it from immune thrombocytopenic purpura14,15.
They reduce peripheral vein irritation whilst delivering the medication into an area of haemodilution in the SVC.
Imminent oedema is suspected when the ability of a mini fluid challenge to advance haemodilution is minimised (approaches zero) [6].
Gestational trimester and VA status were negatively associated, apparently due to the effect of haemodilution.
Cardiovascular surgeons and related medical specialists describe minimized versions of bypassing the heart and lungs during cardiac surgery, which is not yet widely practiced, but shows promise for reducing blood loss, blood transfusions, haemodilution, and stroke.
Specific physiological changes in the haematological system occur in pregnancy, including haemodilution (there is an increase in plasma volume by 45-50% that reaches a maximum at about 34 weeks' gestation and exceeds the 18-30% increase in the red cell mass).
Decrease in total serum proteins in the present study may be attributed to haemodilution, a compensatory mechanism for the abomasalhaemorrhages caused by the invading larvae and later on due to loss of large quantities of serum proteins into the gut and consequent increased fractional catabolic rate of albumin.