gynecologic


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Related to gynecologic: Gynecologic cancer

gy·ne·co·log·ic

, gynecological (gī'nĕ-kō-loj'ik, jin'ĕ-; -loj'i-kăl), Although the first syllable of this word is correctly pronounced jīn, it is often pronounced gīn, gĭn, or jĭn.
Relating to gynecology.

gynaecologic

adjective Referring to the study of the female genital tract and reproductive system, and management of the diseases associated therewith.

hypertension

High blood pressure Cardiovascular disease An abnormal ↑ systemic arterial pressure, corresponding to a systolic BP of > 160 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP of 95 mm Hg and graded according to intensity of ↑ diastolic BP; HTN affects ± 60 million in the US Workup Evaluation of HTN requires clinical Hx for Pt, family Hx, 2 BP determinations, funduscopy, ID of bruits in neck & abdominal aorta, evaluation of peripheral edema, peripheral pulses and residual neurologic defects in stroke victims, chest films to determine cardiac size and lab parameters to rule out causes of secondary HTN Risk factors Race–blacks more common, ♂, family history of HTN, obesity, defects of lipid metabolism, DM, sedentary lifestyle, cigarette smoking, electrolyte imbalance–eg, ↑ sodium, phosphorus, ↓ potassium, tin Treatment Diet–eg, sodium restriction, ↓ calories, alcohol and cigarettes–the weight gain accompanying smoking cessation tends to offset the minimal ↓ in BP, calcium supplements, lifestyle manipulation–eg, biofeedback, ↑ exercise; antihypertensives–eg, diuretics–benzothiadiazines, loop diuretics, potassium-sparing diuretics, sympatholytic agents–central and peripheral-acting α-adrenergics, β-adrenergics, mixed α- and β-blockers, direct vasodilators, ACE inhibitors–the preferred agent to use ab initio, dihydropiridine CCBs. See ACCT, ACE inhibitor, Borderline hypertension, Borderline isolated systolic hypertension, Calcium channel blocker, Drug-induced hypertension, Essential hypertension, Exercise hypertension, Familial dyslipemic hypertension, Gestational hypertension, Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, Isolated systolic hypertension, Malignant hypertension, MRC, Obetension, Paradoxic hypertension, Pill hypertension, Pregnancy-induced hypertension, Pseudohypertension, Pulmonary hypertension, Refractory hypertension, Renovascular hypertension, SHEP, STOP-Hypertension, TAIM, TOHP-1, TOMHSTyramine hypertension, White coat hypertension.
Hypertension
Class I–mild Diastolic pressure 90-104 mm Hg
Class II–moderate Diastolic pressure 105-119 mm Hg
Class III–severe Diastolic pressure > than 120 mm Hg
Hypertension types
Essential hypertension Idiopathic HTN The major form comprising 90% of all HTN
Malignant hypertension A sustained BP > 200/140 mm Hg, resulting in arteriolar necrosis, most marked in the brain, eg. cerebral hemorrhage, infarcts, and hypertensive encephalopathy, eyes, eg papilledema and hypertensive retinopathy and kidneys, eg acute renal failure and hypertensive nephropathy; if malignant HTN is uncorrected or therapy refractory, Pts may suffer a hypertensive crisis in which prolonged high BP causes left ventricular hypertrophy and CHF
Paroxysmal hypertension Transient or episodic waves of ↑ BP of any etiology, punctuated by periods of normotension, typical of pheochromocytoma
Portal hypertension ↑ portal vein pressure caused by a backflow of blood through splenic arteries, resulting in splenomegaly and collateral circulation, resulting in esophageal varices and/or hemorrhoids; PH may be intra- or extrahepatic, and is often due to cirrhosis, or rarely portal vein disease, venous thrombosis, tumors or abscesses
Pulmonary hypertension A condition defined as a 'wedge' systolic/diastolic pressure > 30/20 mm Hg–Normal: 18-25/12-16 mm Hg, often secondary to blood stasis in peripheral circulation, divided into passive, hyperkinetic, vasoocclusive, vasoconstrictive and secondary forms. See Pulmonary HTN.
Renovascular hypertension see there.
Secondary hypertension
Aging
Cardiovascular Open heart surgery, coarctation of aorta, ↑ cardiac output–anemia, thyrotoxicosis, aortic valve insufficiency
Cerebral ↑ Intracranial pressure
Endocrine Mineralocorticoid excess, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, glucocorticoid excess, eg Cushing syndrome, hyperparathyroidism, acromegaly
Gynecologic Pregnancy, oral contraceptives
Neoplasia Renin-secreting tumors, pheochromocytoma
• ↓ Peripheral vascular resistance AV shunts, Paget's disease of bone, beri-beri
Renal disease Vascular, parenchymal

gy·ne·co·log·ic

, gynecological (gī'nĕ-kŏ-loj'ik, -i-kăl)
Relating to gynecology.
Synonym(s): gynaecologic.

Patient discussion about gynecologic

Q. What is ovarian cyst and why is it painful? Is that pathological? Dangerous? Need information please.

A. don’t worry- ovarian cyst is usually a natural thin. It shouldn’t be of a problem. And if you need to hear it from a gynecologist:
http://www.5min.com/Video/Menstrual-Pains-and-Cysts-2374793

More discussions about gynecologic
References in periodicals archive ?
Along with outstanding plenary talks focusing on surgical education research by Gary Dunnington, MD, and health disparities in gynecologic surgery by Marcela del Carmen, MD, MPH, 2 special focus speakers were featured.
The study involved all HIV-positive women found to have a gynecologic cancer at 1 of 2 large cancer centers in Maryland from 2000 to 2015.
He is a reproductive endocrinologist in metropolitan Chicago and the director of minimally invasive gynecologic surgery at Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Park Ridge, Ill.
Afaf Al Ansari, Senior Consultant Obstetrics/Gynecology at the Women's Hospital and Clinical Lead for Gynecological Oncology Multidisciplinary team said: "There is no way to know for sure if a woman will develop a gynecologic cancer.
A board certified gynecologic oncologist, Schink brings more than 30 years of oncology experience to the organization, specializing in surgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy treatments for patients with gynecologic cancers.
The new physicians will be joining Arizona Oncologys highly-skilled and experienced team of gynecologic specialists who serve the greater Phoenix and northern Arizona region: Drs.
The draft recommendations note that many malignant conditions (including gynecologic cancers), infectious diseases (such as genital herpes), and benign conditions (including polyps, cysts, and fibroids) may be found during a screening pelvic exam.
If a test improves the chances that a woman with ovarian cancer has her surgery performed by a gynecologic oncologist, it will potentially be very useful.
Gynecologic cancers; a multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and management.
Cytology differs from other specialties in that individual cytotechnologists and cytopathologists who screen gynecologic cytology specimens (Pap tests) must participate in on-site PT at least once per year.
Indeed, guidelines of the French society of Gynecologic oncology recommended in 2011 the initial use of laparoscopic approach for stage I EC [32].