gynaecomastia


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gy·ne·co·mas·ti·a

, gynecomasty (gī'nĕ-kō-mas'tē-ă, -mas'tē)
Excessive development of the male mammary glands, due mainly to ductal proliferation with periductal edema; frequently secondary to increased estrogen levels, but mild gynecomastia may occur in normal adolescents.
Synonym(s): gynaecomastia, gynaecomasty.
[gyneco- + G. mastos, breast]

gynaecomastia

The occurrence in the male of breasts resembling those of the sexually mature female. Gynaecomastia is often temporary as a result of a transient hormonal upset, but it may be caused by treatment with oestrogens or steroids, by liver disease, by a tumour of the PITUITARY GLAND or the testicle, or by the use of the diuretic drug spironolactone. Persistent gynaecomastia has, traditionally, been treated by plastic surgery, but the preferred treatment now appears to be the drug TAMOXIFEN. From the Greek gynae , a woman and mastos , a woman's breast.
References in periodicals archive ?
Testicular tumours presenting as gynaecomastia. Eur J Surg Oncol 2003; 29:437-439.
For men with prostate cancer receiving palliative therapies including non-steroidal antiandrogens (bicalutamide, flutamide and nilutamide), gynaecomastia with or without mastalgia is a common problem, affecting up to 79% of patients (4).
Besides obesity and short stature, other endocrinological symptoms observed in our study were precocious puberty, hirsutism and gynaecomastia.
Observations made were that a few patients especially men may stop their ARV medications because of side effects like developing breasts (gynaecomastia).
Physical exam including digital rectal examination (DRE) and qualitative gynaecomastia evaluation; serum PSA and testosterone measurements were conducted at screening, at months 1, 3, 6 and 9 during ADT treatment.
These intermediates can also be converted to the oestrogens, which may cause gynaecomastia and hepatic dysfunction.
They suffer from jaundice, abdominal pain, enema in different parts of the body, gynaecomastia (enlarged breast in men), and atrophy of the testes.
Sex hormone-related diseases, such as gynaecomastia, polycystic ovary syndrome, mammary fibroadenoma, and adiposogenital dystrophy, or autoimmune diseases have been reported in 2% of patients suffering from VKC [5].
Typical clinical features of Klinefelter syndrome are various degrees of hypogonadal symptoms, atrophic testes and gynaecomastia. However, these typical clinical symptoms may not be present in all patients.