gumma

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gumma

 (pl. gummas, gum´mata)
1. a soft, gummy tumor occurring in tertiary syphilis.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

gum·ma

, pl.

gum·ma·ta

,

gum·mas

(gŭm'ă, ă-tă, -ĕz),
An infectious granuloma that is characteristic of tertiary syphilis, but does not always develop, and that may be solitary (as large as 8-10 cm in diameter) or multiple and diffusely scattered (1 mm or less in diameter). Gummata are characterized by an irregular central portion that is firm, sometimes partially hyalinized, and consisting of coagulative necrosis in which "ghosts" of structures may be recognized; a poorly defined middle zone of epithelioid cells, with occasional multinucleated giant cells; and a peripheral zone of fibroblasts and numerous capillaries, with infiltrated lymphocytes and plasma cells. As gummas become older, an irregular scar or rounded fibrous nodule persists.
Synonym(s): syphiloma
[L. gummi, gum, fr. G. kommi]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

gumma

(gŭm′ə)
n. pl. gummas or gummata (gŭm′ə-tə)
A small rubbery granuloma that has a necrotic center and is enclosed by an inflamed fibrous capsule. It is characteristic of an advanced stage of syphilis.

gum′ma·tous adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

gumma

STD Lentil-to-cherry-sized masses characteristic of tertiary syphilis, which represent a hypersensitivity response to treponemal products–the organism itself is rarely found. See Syphilis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

gum·ma

, pl. gummata (gŭm'ă, -tă)
An infectious granuloma that is characteristic of tertiary syphilis. Gummata are characterized by an irregular central portion that is firm, sometimes partially hyalinized, and consisting of coagulative necrosis in which "ghosts" of structures may be recognized; a poorly defined middle zone of epithelioid cells, with occasional multinucleated giant cells; and a peripheral zone of fibroblasts and numerous capillaries, with infiltrated lymphocytes and plasma cells.
Synonym(s): syphiloma.
[L. gummi, gum, fr. G. kommi]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

gumma

One of the principle features of late (tertiary) SYPHILIS. The gumma is a localized mass of GRANULATION TISSUE, with a necrotic centre of a gum-like consistency. It occurs as a result of toxic destruction of tissue and can occur anywhere in the body, including the intestines, the liver and the brain.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Gumma

A symptom that is sometimes seen in tertiary syphilis, characterized by a rubbery swelling or tumor that heals slowly and leaves a scar.
Mentioned in: Syphilis
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

gum·ma

, pl. gummata (gŭm'ă, -tă)
An infectious granuloma that is characteristic of tertiary syphilis. Gummata are characterized by an irregular central portion that is firm, sometimes partially hyalinized, and consisting of coagulative necrosis.
Synonym(s): syphiloma.
[L. gummi, gum, fr. G. kommi]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012