gumma


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Related to gumma: syphilis, VDRL

gumma

 (pl. gummas, gum´mata)
1. a soft, gummy tumor occurring in tertiary syphilis.

gum·ma

, pl.

gum·ma·ta

,

gum·mas

(gŭm'ă, ă-tă, -ĕz),
An infectious granuloma that is characteristic of tertiary syphilis, but does not always develop, and that may be solitary (as large as 8-10 cm in diameter) or multiple and diffusely scattered (1 mm or less in diameter). Gummata are characterized by an irregular central portion that is firm, sometimes partially hyalinized, and consisting of coagulative necrosis in which "ghosts" of structures may be recognized; a poorly defined middle zone of epithelioid cells, with occasional multinucleated giant cells; and a peripheral zone of fibroblasts and numerous capillaries, with infiltrated lymphocytes and plasma cells. As gummas become older, an irregular scar or rounded fibrous nodule persists.
Synonym(s): syphiloma
[L. gummi, gum, fr. G. kommi]

gumma

(gŭm′ə)
n. pl. gummas or gummata (gŭm′ə-tə)
A small rubbery granuloma that has a necrotic center and is enclosed by an inflamed fibrous capsule. It is characteristic of an advanced stage of syphilis.

gum′ma·tous adj.

gumma

STD Lentil-to-cherry-sized masses characteristic of tertiary syphilis, which represent a hypersensitivity response to treponemal products–the organism itself is rarely found. See Syphilis.

gum·ma

, pl. gummata (gŭm'ă, -tă)
An infectious granuloma that is characteristic of tertiary syphilis. Gummata are characterized by an irregular central portion that is firm, sometimes partially hyalinized, and consisting of coagulative necrosis in which "ghosts" of structures may be recognized; a poorly defined middle zone of epithelioid cells, with occasional multinucleated giant cells; and a peripheral zone of fibroblasts and numerous capillaries, with infiltrated lymphocytes and plasma cells.
Synonym(s): syphiloma.
[L. gummi, gum, fr. G. kommi]

gumma

One of the principle features of late (tertiary) SYPHILIS. The gumma is a localized mass of GRANULATION TISSUE, with a necrotic centre of a gum-like consistency. It occurs as a result of toxic destruction of tissue and can occur anywhere in the body, including the intestines, the liver and the brain.

Gumma

A symptom that is sometimes seen in tertiary syphilis, characterized by a rubbery swelling or tumor that heals slowly and leaves a scar.
Mentioned in: Syphilis

gum·ma

, pl. gummata (gŭm'ă, -tă)
An infectious granuloma that is characteristic of tertiary syphilis. Gummata are characterized by an irregular central portion that is firm, sometimes partially hyalinized, and consisting of coagulative necrosis.
Synonym(s): syphiloma.
[L. gummi, gum, fr. G. kommi]
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, based on the results of serum RPR and TPHA 5 months and 3 months before onset, the patient probably contracted syphilis within 5 months before detection of the cerebral syphilitic gumma.
Mernissi, "Tuberculous gummas with sporotrichoid pattern in a 57-year-old female: A case report and review of the literature," International Journal of Mycobacteriology, vol.
Michael was born in Pueblo, CO, son of the late Harold and Ursula (Manning) Gumma. He graduated from Central High School, Pueblo and earned a degree in Metallurgical Engineering from Colorado School of Mines.
Gumma, whose grandchildren failed in the exam, said that her daughter could not join Army training as she was failed in the exams even as she cleared the Army entrance exams.
Hametti told the official news agency SUNA that Hilal and three of his sons, as well as a number of his aides, were captured; stressing the RSF director of general supplies Brigadier Abdel-Rahim Gumma and a number of RSF elements have been killed during the clashes.
To the Editor: Tertiary syphilis, including cerebral syphilitic gumma, usually occurs >10 years after contracting syphilis (1) and is a rare manifestation since the introduction of penicillin (2).
The company president and chief executive officer, Bill Gumma, said, 'We are opting out of the Chevron exploration well in the Gulf of Venezuela due to the tightening global capital markets and the uncertain oil and natural gas price environments.
Pink Floyd recorded part of their Umma Gumma album there and it was on the way back from a concert at Mothers that Fairport Convention suffered t he road crash that killed their drummer Martin Lamble and Richard Thompson's girlfriend.
Ammar Zakaria Gumma, Monday announced birth of the commission and presented an initiative to bring together all the youth components under a single patriotic vision on the method of governance in Sudan.
The incident took place on Tuesday near Luhajhar Ghat of Gumma block, located about 308 km southwest of Bhubaneswar.
On Sunday the official news agency, Suna reported the death of RSF director of general supplies Brigadier Abdel-Rahim Gumma in Mistiriyha, home area of Musa Hilal.