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the musculomembranous passage extending from the pharynx to the stomach, 25 to 30 cm (10 to 12 in) long in an adult, consisting of an outer fibrous coat, a muscular layer, a submucous layer, and an inner mucous membrane. The junction between the stomach and esophagus is closed by a muscular ring known as the cardiac sphincter, which opens to allow the passage of food into the stomach. See also digestive system and Plates.
Disorders of the Esophagus. The most common disorders of the esophagus often involve either an obstruction or a backward flow of food and gastric juice (gastroesophageal reflux). Foreign bodies, accidentally swallowed and lodged in the esophageal passage, can obstruct the flow of foods and fluids, as can malignant or benign tumors. The term achalasia is used to describe a particular disturbance in motility which leads to obstruction at the level of the cardiac sphincter.

Esophagitis, inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the esophagus, may occur in conjunction with gastroenteritis or as a result of reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus. The symptoms of hiatal hernia are due in large part to this type of reflux. Hiatal hernia is a protrusion of the stomach, colon, or other intestinal organs through the esophageal hiatus, a narrow opening in the diaphragm through which the esophagus normally passes. When the herniation occurs the normal downward passage of food is interrupted.

Esophageal varices are varicose veins of the esophagus and occur most often as a result of obstruction in the portal circulation, especially in portal hypertension. They are potentially dangerous since they tend to rupture easily and may result in serious hemorrhage. Visual examination of the interior lining of the esophagus is accomplished by esophagoscopy.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. The fauces and pharynx. Synonym(s): gullet
2. The anterior aspect of the neck. Synonym(s): jugulum
3. Any narrowed entrance into a hollow part.
[A.S. throtu]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


1. The esophagus.
2. The throat.
3. Zoology An invagination into the cytoplasm of certain ciliates, used for food intake.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


1. The fauces and pharynx.
Synonym(s): gullet.
2. The anterior aspect of the neck.
3. Any narrowed entrance into a hollow part.
[A.S. throtu]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


The common term for the OESOPHAGUS.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Patient discussion about gullet

Q. do we need the esophagus to live? If we were to take our esophagus away would we still live?

A. Principally, yes. Feeding can be done through a hole in the stomach (PEG). Life is possible this way, although one may argue about the quality of life in this situation.

Q. Cn barret esophagous be cured? I was diagnosed with barretts esophagus several years ago, and so far keeps on the routine follow up. I met some other guy with same condition and he told after his doctor prescribed him with some anti-reflux meds, in the last endoscopy they found normal esophagus, and that he thinks he's now cured. Is that possible?

A. Anti-reflux treatment may lower the risk of cancer a little, but it won't cure it, so there's still a need for refular follow-up.

More discussions about gullet
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References in periodicals archive ?
Others are in their final stages and will be ready in two weeks, "Gullet said.
He says what's on his mind about what's at the tip of his tongue, and is unafraid to explore the whole range of food available to him, writing about all that's up and down his gullet. His ability to articulate what's on his mind and in his tummy makes 'The Gullet' shine.
Gullet told Reuters the flooding had killed at least 20 people across the country but numbers were likely to rise once a countrywide assessment is complete.
"It is seen some times in children also that when they vomit, wrongly it enters the wind gullet. So in this case also the vomit entered into the lungs of the animal, which damaged them and became the reason of its death," said Dr.
[9] This error has more than one historical thread and Gullett himself should not be held completely responsible, but that this idea is so pervasive is due in large part to an uncritical acceptance of Gullet's simplification of the Light Horse's military role.
With Gullet as a co-sponsor, the bill, signed into law in April 2003, adopts oral health standards as part of the Arkansas physical education and health curriculum.
He found a six-centimetre tear in the central chest cavity and said steriods can ``uncommonly'' lead to a weakened oesophagus, or gullet.
This `Pig in the Middle' phenomenon --demographers describe watching the bulging Baby Boom bunch moving through their demographic charts as like watching a pig move down the gullet of a python--is going to confront us with the problem of too many unproductive old people sopping up the resources of too few workers.
He dips the tip of an attached plastic tube into mineral oil so as not to hurt the bird's throat and slips it down its gullet. He then runs water through the tube with a hand pump until the bird starts to gurgle.
d'Argental, had a lackey named Gullet, who organized another copying service.
Studded with light underfoot and with a hand-finished surface like watered silk, the shining asymmetrical gullet is divided by a glazed pivoting door that cuts it physically but not visually.
Superior edge strength from a variable width land and a widening chip gullet are two prime features of the insert.