The procedure is basically the same as with the black box models with the difference that with gray box models, a special model approach (see Eq.
Since only a limited number of measured values can be monitored in the modules "redundant measurements," "inequalities" and "gray box models," recall is accordingly lower.
* Conducting a detailed supplier assessment builds more effective NPD teams, regardless of the stage of the process at which the supplier was integrated, or the level of responsibility (gray box versus black box) given to the supplier.
Involving suppliers that have extensive black box responsibility in setting technical goals is crucial to "supercharging" team performance, while gray box suppliers have no significant impact.
* Joint business-goal-setting has no significant effect on NPD team effectiveness, although it becomes more important when suppliers are undertaking gray box development.
For one thing, gray boxes mean less spending on salaries and benefits.
Gray boxes on the high end of the organization chart also reinforce a now well-established recognition that those who labor for a nonprofit are a source of outright value, not just a way to plug holes in the production engine.
For organizations that are savvy and well-resourced enough, high-level gray boxes will motivate them to increase their in-house training programs for lower level staff.
Finally, in a boost for overhead-haters, gray boxes that stay that way could be a sign that a position was poorly designed or extraneous in the first place.
In no time, the village's gray boxes
were transformed into bright works of folk art.
The research firm advises that, to properly automate shop operations, electronic communications are needed that get all the way down to the gray boxes
on the shop floor and captures all data about material flow and value-added processes from the process steps themselves.
Destroying Tony Stark's "weapons cache" that's being used for nefarious purposes, for instance, involves flying around a bland desert valley in search of gray boxes
that would never stand out as a "weapons cache" if they weren't highlighted in bright orange.